This practical guide serves as an essential reference for interior designers learning how to manually draft scaled floor plans, elevations, sections and three-dimensional drawings. Clearly explaining techniques and methods, it offers exercises that help build skill for drafting various components. This complete learning package begins with an explanation of the drafting tools and their use, and then presents instructions and illustrations that indicate how to complete increasingly more difficult drafting conventions. In addition, readers will learn drawing techniques for indicating various materials, symbols for coordinating related drawings and architectural lettering.
S. CHRISTINE CAVATAIO, IDEC, LEED AP, NCIDQ, is Associate Professor of Interior Design at Newbury College in Brookline, Massachusetts. A professional interior designer for thirty years, she has also taught at Mount Ida College and Boston Architectural College, and was an interior design program advisor at BAC and RISD.
Preface vii Acknowledgments ix C H A P T E R 1 : Before Beginning 1 Key Terms and Phrases 1 About This Text 1 Chapter Descriptions 2 Drafting versus Freehand Drawing 4 What Skills Are Needed to Draft by Hand? 6 Why Learn Manual Drafting? 6 Three Critical Concepts 8 Expectations and Frustration 9 Assignments 11 C H A P T E R 2 : Getting Started 13 Key Terms and Phrases 13 Recommended Drafting Equipment and Supplies 14 Care of Tools 22 Setting Up the Drafting Surface and Starting Practice 23 Line Weights and Line Types 27 Assignments 29 C H A P T E R 3 : Understanding Orthographic Drawings 31 Key Terms and Phrases 31 Defining Orthographic Drawing 32 Orthographic Views for Interior Spaces 33 Understanding Orthographic Projection 40 Considerations for Creating Orthographic Views 40 Drafting Conventions 49 Assignments 51 C H A P T E R 4 : Learning Architectural Lettering 53 Key Terms and Phrases 53 Guidelines 53 Numbers 54 Letter Spacing 54 Line Spacing 55 Lettering With a Triangle 56 Stylistic Differences 57 Composing the Drawing Sheet 58 Assignments 61 C H A P T E R 5 : Adding Details 63 Key Terms and Phrases 63 Material Symbols 64 Line Weights for Details 66 Upholstered Furniture in Plan 67 Adding the Human Figure 67 Plants in the Interior 70 Windows in Elevation 70 Poche 71 Assignments 73 C H A P T E R 6 : Adding Dimensions and Notes 75 Key Terms and Phrases 75 Parts of a Dimension Line 75 Drawing Dimension Lines 77 Placement of Dimension Numbers 78 Dimensioning Variations 79 Notes in Drawings 80 Coordinating Dimensions and Notes 81 Assignments 83 C H A P T E R 7 : Developing a Set of Drawings 85 Key Terms and Phrases 85 Working Drawings 85 What Makes Multiple Sheets of Drawings a Set? 87 List of Drawings for Construction of an Interior 87 Symbols for Set Coordination 89 Making Elevation and Section Symbols 91 Steps to Developing a Set 92 Checking the Drawing Set 93 Assignments 94 C H A P T E R 8 : Drafting Three- Dimensional Drawings 97 Key Terms and Phrases 97 Types of Paraline Views 98