This book assesses the problem of defining exclusion, highlights the need for its contextualisation and establishes a relationship between social exclusion, deprivation and discrimination. It studies the complex mosaic of Indian systems and society, marked with exclusionary practices and structures on the basis of caste. It presents grassroots level information through empirical investigations and studies how physical spaces become sites of exclusion when borders become volatile. Scholars put together their diverse research, studies, perceptions and ideas and, most importantly, their years of expertise to focus on a central theme of social exclusion in Indian society. They study the role of the state as an interventionist force and look into the political mobilisation strategy as a reaction to exclusion. The book also takes a critical look at the reservation policy and argues that state intervention creates certain new forms of exclusion.
Paramjit S. Judge is Professor and Head at the Department of Sociology, and Coordinator of the Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India.
List of contributors; List of tables and figures; Preface; Introduction; Part I. Social Exclusion in India: Theoretical Perspectives and Issues: 1. Poverty, inequality and social exclusion in India Harish K. Puri; 2. Social exclusion, globalization and marginalized groups B. K. Nagla; 3. Situating social exclusion in the context of caste: a case of Dalits in India Vivek Kumar; 4. Reservation policy in India: exclusion in inclusion Satish K. Verma; 5. Coping with exclusions the non-political way Meeta Rajivlochan and M. Rajivlochan; Part II. Empirical Studies: Caste and Religious Exclusions: 6. Egalitarian religion and caste-based exclusion in rural Punjab Paramjit S. Judge; 7. 'Rajput', local deities and discrimination: tracing caste formation in Jammu Toru Takahashi; 8. Excluded and marginalized: patterns of deprivation of the scavengers Vishav Raksha; 9. Looking beyond generalities: caste, social exclusion and Deras in Punjab Ronki Ram; 10. Caste and dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in local governance S. R. Ahlawat; Part III. Case Studies: Borderlands and Social Exclusion: 11. 'No man's land?': Exclusion in the borderbelt of Punjab Harpreet Kaur; 12. Farmers at the borderbelt of Punjab: fencing and forced deprivation Jagrup S. Sekhon; 13. Barbed wire fencing and exclusion of border communities Sapna K. Sangra; Conclusion: combating exclusion: paradoxes and challenges; Index.