Marine Renewable Energy Handbook

Marine Renewable Energy Handbook

By: Bernard Multon (author)Hardback

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Description

Marine renewable energy is a significant resource for generating electricity, and if some conversion technologies have already reached a certain level of maturity, others are emerging. The originality of this multidisciplinary book is to offer a broad spectrum of knowledge from academic and industry experts of various origins. It deals with general aspects such as the specificities and constraints of the marine environment, the concepts of hydrodynamics and ocean engineering, as well as the industrial and economic sides necessary for the assembly of projects. It also discusses conversion technologies such as offshore wind, tidal power plants, tidal stream turbines, wave energy converters and ocean thermal energy plants. Finally, two chapters are devoted to power electronic conversion and power transmission cables.

About Author

Bernard Multon is Professor at Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan, Bruz, France.

Contents

Foreword xv Michel PAILLARD Preface xvii Bernard MULTON Chapter 1. Marine Environment and Energy Resources 1 Raymond NERZIC and Jean-Pierre MAZE 1.1. Introduction 1 1.2. Physical and potential resources 2 1.3. Physical aspects of the marine environment 12 1.4. Environmental data 17 1.5. Bibliography 22 Chapter 2. Constraints of the Marine Environment 23 Marc PREVOSTO, Peter DAVIES, Chantal COMPERE and Michel OLAGNON 2.1. Extreme conditions at sea 23 2.2. Materials in the marine environment 31 2.3. Bibliography 40 Chapter 3. Some Concepts of Hydrodynamics and Ocean Engineering 43 Aurelien BABARIT, Hakim MOUSLIM and Jean-Marc ROUSSET 3.1. The marine environment 43 3.2. Loads on marine structures 48 3.3. Numerical and experimental tools for analysis 55 3.4. Conclusion 65 3.5. Bibliography 65 Chapter 4. Marine Energy and Industrial Actors 67 Guy BESLIN and Jacques RUER 4.1. Why does marine energy concern large industrial players? 67 4.2. An energy source of immense potential 69 4.3. Marine energy: a sector reserved for industrial players and large-scale international investors 71 4.4. Example of offshore wind energy: the main players and industry in France 72 4.5. Industrial assembly 73 4.6. Industrial risks and how to manage them 75 4.7. Hazard management for interventions at sea 84 4.8. Design and maintenance of electricity-producing installations at sea 85 4.9. Policies and organization of maintenance 88 4.10. Operational and maintenance activities 90 4.11. Estimating maintenance costs 92 4.12. Decision-making by the investors 93 4.13. Conclusion 97 4.14. Bibliography 98 Chapter 5. Installation of Wind Turbines at Sea 101 Jacques RUER 5.1. Peculiarities of the marine environment 101 5.2. Design of the support structures of offshore wind turbines 104 5.3. Assembly of offshore wind turbines 111 5.4. Electrical cables 115 5.5. Access to offshore wind turbines 115 5.6. Floating wind turbines 117 Chapter 6. Conversion Systems for Offshore Wind Turbines 123 Cristian NICHITA and Brayima DAKYO 6.1. Evolution of wind energy technology 123 6.2. Estimating the wind energy resource 140 6.3. Wind turbines 151 6.4 Bibliography 168 Chapter 7. Production of Tidal Range Energy 173 Vincent DE LALEU 7.1. Tidal range energy theory and potential 173 7.2. Potential of tidal range energy development 177 7.3. Tidal range energy in France: the Rance Tidal Power Plant 180 7.4. Tidal range energy in Canada Annapolis 192 7.5. Tidal range energy in the United Kingdom the Severn 197 7.6. Tidal range energy in South Korea Sihwa 208 7.7. The challenges of tidal range energy 211 7.8. Bibliography 214 CHAPTER 8. CONCEPTS, MODELING AND CONTROL OF TIDAL TURBINES 219 Mohamed BENBOUZID, Jacques Andre ASTOLFI, Seddik BACHA, Jean Frederic CHARPENTIER, Mohamed MACHMOUM, Thierry MAITRE and Daniel ROYE 8.1. Introduction 219 8.2. State of the art technology in tidal turbines 220 8.3. Modeling and control of tidal turbines 236 8.4. Bibliography 275 CHAPTER 9. PAIMPOL-BREHAT: DEVELOPMENT OF THE FIRST TIDAL ARRAY IN FRANCE 279 Pierre BRUN, Laurent TERME and Agnes BARILLIER 9.1. Introduction and context 279 9.2. Selection of technologies 287 9.3. Technical specifications of the project and the producible power 299 9.4. Administrative procedures 305 9.5. Conclusion and perspectives 309 9.6. Bibliography 310 CHAPTER 10. FEEDBACK FROM THE SABELLA TIDAL CURRENT TURBINE PROJECT 311 Jacques RUER 10.1. Introduction 311 10.2. Design of the Sabella turbines 311 10.3. The demonstration project Sabella D03 316 10.4. Conclusions 321 10.5. Bibliography 321 CHAPTER 11. WAVE ENERGY CONVERTERS 323 Judicael AUBRY, Hamid Ben AHMED, Bernard MULTON, Aurelien BABARIT and Alain CLEMENT 11.1. Presentation of the wave energy resource 324 11.2. Classification of wave energy converters 329 11.3. Direct wave energy converters with direct electromechanical conversion (type C5) 348 11.4. Fluctuations of power produced by wave energy converters 358 11.5. Bibliography 363 Chapter 12. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: A Historical Perspective 367 Gerard NIHOUS and Michel GAUTHIER 12.1. The thermal resource of the oceans 367 12.2. Main principles of ocean thermal energy conversion 373 12.3. Georges Claude, the pioneer 378 12.4. A renaissance at the end of the 20th Century? 383 12.5. Reflections 400 12.6. Bibliography 401 Chapter 13. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Solutions Studied 405 Virginie LELARGE, Thierry BOUCHET, Brice HERMANT, Aurelien BOUHIER, Julian BERROU and Cedric AUVRAY 13.1 The industrial approach to ocean thermal energy conversion 405 13.2. The energy conversion system at the heart of OTEC 406 13.3. Integration of OTEC plants 435 13.4. An OTEC plant in the marine environment 452 13.5. Conclusion 461 13.6. Bibliography 461 Chapter 14. Electrical Conversion Systems 463 Jacques COURAULT 14.1. Historical introduction 463 14.2. General facts 464 14.3. Voltage inverters in pulse width modulation 488 14.4. Storage 519 14.5. Control of the voltage Ed 521 14.6. Filtering the output voltages 525 14.7. Transmission 536 14.8. Technology 553 14.9. Maintenance 567 14.10. Conclusion 567 14.11. Bibliography 569 Chapter 15. Cables for Collecting and Transmitting Energy Produced by Offshore Technologies 571 Pierre ARGAUT 15.1. Introduction 571 15.2. General facts 572 15.3. Functions of high-voltage cable systems 574 15.4. Manufacture of submarine cables 606 15.5. Principles and tools for the design of submarine cables 616 15.6. Tests of submarine cables 623 15.7. Specificities of DC cables 626 15.8. Specificities of dynamic cables 626 15.9. Electrical characteristics of submarine cables 626 15.10. New advances presented during JICABLE 2011 628 15.11. Bibliography 629 List of Authors 633 Index 637

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848213326
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 664
  • ID: 9781848213326
  • weight: 1124
  • ISBN10: 1848213328

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