Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A BioEcological Approach

Marriages and Families in the 21st Century: A BioEcological Approach

By: Tasha R. Howe (author)Hardback

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Description

Marriages and Families in the 21st Century provides an in-depth exploration of a traditional field of study using a new and engaging approach. The text covers all the important issues including parenting, divorce, aging families, balancing work and family, family violence, and gender issues using a bioecological framework that takes into account our status as both biological and social beings. Using this lens, which emphasizes the individual's interactions with a series of larger systemic influences from family, peers, neighbors and teachers, to schools, media, institutions and culture the book creates a cohesive overview of modern family life and helps students visualize the complex influences affecting all people in families. It also examines the state of modern families using a strengths-based approach, which allows students to evaluate the health and functioning of a family considering the biological and cultural milieu in which it exists, rather than on its observable structure or appearance alone. Individual chapters cover historical and cultural trends and also explore the biological, personal, and social forces that shape individuals and families. Each chapter investigates the wide diversity of human relationships and integrates discussions of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, and gender seamlessly into the main narrative. In addition, the book explores recent research in neuroscience, medicine, and biopsychology to examine how family relationships are shaped by and also influence individuals' biological functioning. An accessible writing style coupled with numerous student-friendly pedagogical features help readers come to a multi-layered understanding of "what makes families tick," while also challenging them to reevaluate their own assumptions and experiences. Key features: * Uses a bioecological model that takes into account our status as both biological and social beings * Employs a strengths-based approach that focuses on family processes rather than structure in evaluating families' optimal health and happiness * Incorporates discussion of neuroscience, medicine, and biopsychological research throughout * Explores a wide diversity of family relationships, integrating issues of ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, and gender *Focus on my Family boxes profile real families who wrote essays in their own words about their diverse experiences *How Would You Measure That? sections emphasize students' critical thinking and analysis of research design and conclusions * Helps students analyze their own families' strengths and attempt to build on those through psychometrically sound self-assessments and Building Your Strengths exercises * Engaging and accessible writing style incorporates contemporary, real-world examples with important theory and research * Instructor s manual, test bank, PowerPoint lecture slides, and useful web links, as well as Student flash cards and self-test questions, available upon publication at www.wiley.com/go/howe

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About Author

Tasha R. Howe is a Fulbright Scholar and Professor of Psychology at Humboldt State University, where she specializes in family violence, developmental psychopathology, and violence prevention. She is also a nationally certified trainer for the American Psychological Association's violence prevention parenting curriculum Parents Raising Safe Kids. She has published numerous scholarly articles in the fields of child maltreatment, program evaluation, and the scholarship of teaching. In 2009, she was recognized for effectively infusing diversity into her teaching by the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, Division 2 of the American Psychological Association.

Contents

Preface xv Acknowledgments xvii Walk Through Tour xviii 1 The Changing American Family 1 WHAT IS A FAMILY? 3 FAMILY STRUCTURES VS. FAMILY PROCESSES 8 THE EVOLUTION OF AMERICAN FAMILIES 16 THE APPROACH AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THIS BOOK 28 2 How We Study the Family: Theories and Research Methods 31 OVERVIEW: THE NEED FOR GOOD THEORY AND RESEARCH DESIGN 33 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS 33 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 47 DEMOGRAPHIC ISSUES IN RESEARCH 57 3 Sex and Gender 67 OVERVIEW: A BIOECOLOGICAL APPROACH TO SEX AND GENDER 70 WHAT S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEX AND GENDER? 70 THE IMPORTANCE OF GENDER FOR LIVING IN FAMILIES 72 GENDER AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION 75 GENDER DISCRIMINATION AND SEXISM 78 THEORIES OF GENDER ROLE DEVELOPMENT 82 OUR DEVELOPMENT INTO BOYS AND GIRLS AND MEN AND WOMEN 87 4 Sexualities 103 OVERVIEW OF INFLUENCES ON SEXUALITY 105 MACROSYSTEM AND HISTORICAL INFLUENCES ON SEX AND SEXUALITIES 105 TRENDS IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND ATTITUDES ABOUT SEX 109 SEX ORGANS: THE WAY THEY WORK AND HOW THINGS GO AWRY 113 SEXUAL ORIENTATION 125 A CLOSER LOOK AT CURRENT ISSUES IN SEXUALITY 129 5 Dating and Mate Selection 141 OVERVIEW OF DATING, HOOKING UP, AND MATE SELECTION 143 A BIOECOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF DATING AND MATE SELECTION 146 THEORIES OF DATING AND MATE SELECTION 155 HISTORICAL TRENDS IN DATING AND MATE SELECTION 159 DIVERSITY IN DATING AND MATE SELECTION 161 CONTEMPORARY TRENDS AROUND THE WORLD 163 6 Love 171 WHAT IS LOVE? 173 IS LOVE UNIVERSAL? 178 BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LOVE 184 THE SOCIAL CONTEXTS OF LOVE: ATTACHMENT THEORY 189 MACROSYSTEM INFLUENCES ON LOVE 193 A FINAL NOTE: ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF LOVE 196 7 Marriages and Committed Partnerships 201 OVERVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MARRIAGE TRENDS 204 HEALTH BENEFITS OF HAPPY MARRIAGES 207 A HISTORICAL EXAMINATION OF MARRIAGE 210 TYPES OF MARRIAGE 212 MARITAL PROBLEMS 231 HEALTHY PROCESSES IN MARRIAGES 234 8 Living Single 243 OVERVIEW OF SINGLEHOOD 245 UNIQUE CHALLENGES FACING SINGLES 246 THE NORMATIVE LIFE CYCLE MODEL 251 THE DIVERSE LIVES OF SINGLE PEOPLE 253 MACROSYSTEM FORCES AGAINST SINGLEHOOD 257 THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH OF SINGLE PEOPLE 263 SINGLE THROUGH COMMITMENT TO GOD 267 FINAL REFLECTIONS 271 9 Reproduction and Parenting 275 OVERVIEW: TO PARENT OR NOT TO PARENT 278 HISTORICAL TRENDS IN PARENTING 280 REPRODUCTION AND BIRTH 286 THE TRANSITION TO PARENTHOOD 293 INFERTILITY AND CREATIVE WAYS TO BECOME PARENTS 296 PARENTING INFANTS AND CHILDREN 301 THE MANY FACES OF PARENTHOOD 309 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND THE MACROSYSTEM 318 10 The Economy of Working Families: Balancing Mental, Physical, and Financial Health in the Twenty-First Century 323 OVERVIEW OF ECONOMIC TRENDS 325 DIVERSITY IN WORK AND FAMILY LIFE 329 BALANCING WORK AND FAMILY 342 LIVING ON THE EXTREMES OF THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONTINUUM: POVERTY AND WEALTH 350 11 Families in Crisis: Violence, Abuse, and Neglect 357 OVERVIEW: THE PERVASIVE NATURE OF VIOLENCE 360 ELDER ABUSE AND NEGLECT 361 ANIMAL ABUSE 365 INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE 369 BATTERERS 386 CHILD MALTREATMENT 391 12 Divorce and Remarriage 403 OVERVIEW: TRENDS IN DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE 405 THE COMPLEXITIES OF DIVORCE 411 THE EFFECTS OF DIVORCE 415 REDUCING THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF DIVORCE 424 REMARRIAGE 427 13 Growing Older in Families 439 OVERVIEW: CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL BELIEFS ABOUT AGING 441 MULTIDIMENSIONAL CHANGES WITH AGE 444 RETIREMENT 456 FAMILY LIFE ACROSS GENERATIONS 458 14 The Evolution of Families in the Twenty-First Century 471 FIVE KEY IDEAS FOR UNDERSTANDING MARRIAGES AND FAMILIES 473 GENERAL TRENDS IN MULTICULTURALISM 475 GENDER AND SEXUAL ORIENTATION IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY 477 GLOBALIZATION 480 AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT IMMIGRATION 487 FINAL REFLECTIONS ON THE FUTURE OF FAMILIES 490 Glossary of Key Terms G-1 References R-1 Index I-1

Product Details

  • publication date: 21/10/2011
  • ISBN13: 9781405195010
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 576
  • ID: 9781405195010
  • weight: 1153
  • ISBN10: 1405195010

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