There are many recoverable aspects and indications concerning medicine and healing in the ancient past - from the archaeological evidence of skeletal remains, grave-goods comprising medical and/or surgical equipment and visual representations in tombs and other monuments thorough to epigraphic and literary sources. The 42 papers presented here cover many aspects medicine in the Mediterranean world during Antiquity and early Byzantine times, bringing together both internationally established specialists on the history of medicine and researchers in the early stages of their career.
The contributions are grouped under a series of headings: medicine and archaeology; media (online access to electronic corpus); the Aegean; medical authors/schools of medicine; surgery; medicaments and cures; skeletal remains; new research in Cyprus; Asklepios and incubation; and Byzantine, Arab and medieval sources. These subject areas are addressed through a combination of wide ranging archaeological and osteological data and the examination and interpretation of philosophical, literary and historiographical texts to provide a comprehensive suite of studies into early practices in this fundamental field of human experience.
Contents: Preface Conference Programme Contributors to this Volume PART 1 MEDICINE AND ARCHAEOLOGY 1. Medicine and Archaeology Athanasios Diamandopoulos 2. - Georgia Karamitrou-Mendesidi and Kostas Moschakis 3. Ancient Greek Votives, Vases and Stelae Depicting Medical Diseases Stefanos Geroulanos 4. The anatomical ex-votos of Hellenistic and Roman Cyprus Demetrios Michaelides PART 2 MEDIA 5. Providing Online Access to Graeco-Roman Medicine: BIUM's Electronic Corpus of Ancient Physicians Guy Cobolet PART 3 THE AEGEAN 6. Healers and Medicines in the Mycenaean Greek Texts Robert Arnott 7. Health and Healing on Cretan Bronze Age Peak Sanctuaries Christine Morris and Alan Peatfield 8. Medical Knowledge on the Evidence of the Iliad Tamar Sukhishvili PART 4 MEDICAL AUTHORS/SCHOOLS OF MEDICINE 9. Dimitrios D. Lipourlis 10. Echoing Hippocrates: Aspects of Genre Intertextuality in the 5th Century BC Athina Papachrysostomou and Georgios Gazis 11. Ancient Medicine and Philosophy: a Philosopher's Perspective Eleni M. Kalokairinou 12. The Threshold of Pain: the Literary Embodiment of Pain and its Cognates in the Hippocratic Corpus Nicholas A. E. Kalospyros 13. Le Traitede Galien De pulsibus ad tirones : Pratique Medicale et Representation du Corps Humain Dina Bacalexi 14. " ": . Dimitrios C. Koutroumpas and Giorgos Papadopoulos 15. An Episode in the Historiography of Malaria in the Ancient World Philip van der Eijk 16. Medical Dialogue in the Books on Dietetics in the De medicina: Celsus aking ccount of the Patient as a Friend and Individual Aurelien Gautherie 17. The Contribution of the 4th Century North African Physician, Helvius Vindicianus Louise Cilliers PART 5 SURGERY 18. Back to Basics: Surgeon's Knives in the Roman World Ralph Jackson 19. Alexander's Wounds as a Paradigm for War Surgery Alfredo Musajo Somma 20. Surgery in Byzantium Stefanos Geroulanos, Charalambos Panaretos and Euterpe Lymperopoulou 21. Plastic Surgery of the Face in Byzantine Times Marios Papadakis, Evangelos Sfakiotakis, Marios Fragakis, Constantinos Trompoukis, Maria Fragaki, Moschoula Leivadara and Andreas Manios PART 6 MEDICAMENTS AND CURES 22. The Headache Remedies of the Pseudo-Apuleius. A Modern Reappraisal Giorgio Zanchin 23. Compound Medicines in Antiquity: a First Approach Alain Touwaide 24. Lemnian Earth, Alum and Astringency: a Field-based Approach Euphemia Photos-Jones and Allan J. Hall 25. Ancient Desires to Shape Progeny: The Role of Vision and Soul in Greek and Jewish Sources of Late Antiquity Ohr Y. Margalit and Chariklia Tziraki-Segal 26. Medicine and Spas in the Roman Period: the Role of Doctors in stablishments with Mineral-medicinal Waters Silvia Gonzalez Soutelo PART 7 SKELETAL REMAINS 27. Health Care and Survival of a Child with Cranial Trauma at Augusta Emerita (Merida, Spain) Filipa Cortes o Silva, Juana M rquez Perez, Jo o Rosa and Ana Luisa Santos 28. A Multi-disciplinary Approach for the Study of the 11th-15th century AD Human Skeletal Remains from Palaion Demarheion, Nicosia, Cyprus Popi Chrysostomou and Yiannis Violaris 1st International CAPP Symposium`New Approaches to Archaeological Human remains in Cyprus' 29. Introduction to the Cyprus Ancient Population Project (CAPP) and the First CAPP Symposium Kirsi O. Lorentz 30. My Side of the Mountain: Initial Colonisation and Biological Regionalism on Cyprus through the Neolithic and Chalcolithic Zissis Parras 31. Ante Mortem Tooth Loss in Chalcolithic Populations of Cyprus: Comparisons between Cemetery and Settlement Kirsi O. Lorentz 32. A Preliminary Look at the Health Status of Chalcolithic Populations: Inferences from Linear Enamel Hypoplasias Michelle Gamble and Kirsi O. Lorentz 33. A Preliminary Analysis of Trauma Patterns in Early Christian Cyprus Sherry C. Fox, Ioanna Moutafi, Eleanna Prevedorou and Despina Pilides PART 8 ASKLEPIOS AND INCUBATION 34. The Development of the Practice of Incubation in the Ancient World Juliette Harrisson 35. The Authority of Physicians as Dream Interpreters in the Pergamene Asclepieion Ido Israelowich 36. Asclepius the Divine Healer, Asclepius the Divine Physician: Epiphanies as Diagnostic and Therapeutic Tools Georgia Petridou 37. : Charalambos Bakirtzis 38. o ss . Father Vasileios Chr. Trompoukis 39. Demetra Papaioannou PART 10 BYZANTINE, ARAB AND MEDIEVAL SOURCES 40. The Role of the Egyptian Sea and Land Routes in Justinian Plague: the Case of Pelusium Costas Tsiamis, Effie Poulakou-Rebelakou and George Androutsos 41. Du Diagnostic Differential aux Therapies Prudentes : Le traitede la rougeole et de la variole de Razi Mehrnaz Katouzian-Safadi and Jean-Marc Bonmatin 42. The Ancient Background of Witelo's Theory of Vision Maria-Magdalena Weker