Medicine and Health covers the many contributions American Indians made to the world in these areas. Early Native peoples learned which plants and animals provided them with the best nutrition. They invented treatments for their illnesses, performed operations on people - including brain surgery and skin grafts - and used antiseptics to prevent infection. In many ways, their medical and health practices were ahead of those of Europeans when settlers first came to the Americas. Ancient American Indian medical discoveries continue to save lives today.
Emory Dean Keoke is an enrolled member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. He received a B.A. in Indian studies and a B.S. in nursing and has worked as a multicultural relations and communications consultant. Kay Marie Porterfield is a writer with more than 20 years of experience. She received a B.A. in English and a B.S. in counseling. She is the author of 12 books, has worked as a reporter for Indian Country Today, and is the winner of a 1996 South Dakota Press Association Award and the recipient of a 2003 Artist Fellowship Award in creative nonfiction.