This collection of merchant documents is essential reading for any student of economic developments in the Middle Ages who wishes to go beyond the level of textbook summaries. Different aspects of economic life in the Mediterranean world are delineated in the light of a rich variety of articles and other contemporary writings, drawn from Muslim and Christian sources. From commercial contracts, promissory notes, and judicial acts to working manuals of practical geography and philology, this volume of documents provides an unparalleled portrait of the world of medieval commerce.
Robert S. Lopez was professor of history at Yale University. Irving W. Raymond was professor of history at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York. Olivia Remie Constable is associate professor of history at the University of Notre Dame.
Table of ContentsForewordIntroductionNote on Coinage, Weights, and Other Technical TermsPt. 1. At the Origins of the Commercial RevolutionI. Commerce in the Byzantine Empire, the Muslim East, and the Catholic WestPt. 2. Markets, Merchants, Merchandise, and Means of Exchange During the Commercial RevolutionII. The Development of MarketsIII. The Growth of the Merchant ClassIV. The Diversification of MerchandiseV. The Evolution of the Means of ExchangePt. 3. Commercial Contracts and Commercial InvestmentsVI. Loans and the Problem of InterestVII. The Contract of Exchange and Its Double FunctionVIII. The Sea Loan and the Sea ExchangeIX. The Commenda ContractX. Partnerships and Other Contracts Used in Land TradeXI. Depositors, Factors, and Commission AgentsXII. Some Other Forms of AgreementXIII. Informal Commercial PapersPt. 4. The Route and the Thorns Along ItXIV. Transportation by SeaXV. Transportation by LandXVI. The Development of Insurance ContractsXVII. Commercial Litigation and Sharp Business PracticesXVIII. Business Failures and their SettlementXIX. International Disputes over TradeXX. Legal Restrictions of TradePt. 5. Tools and IdeasXXI. ManualsXXII. The Progress of Accounting MethodsXXIII. Commercial CorrespondenceXXIV. Moral Standards and Practical AdviceList of Works CitedBibliographyIndex
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