This book examines the interfaces of memory theory and oral history, which is based on human recollection. Essays examine the importance of memory and its reliability. Scholars from two fields, cognitive psychology and oral history, examine the ways in which human experience is recalled and interpreted. The papers were first presented in 1988 at an interdisciplinary conference sponsored by Baylor University Institute for Oral History. Contents: Foreword, Donald A. Ritchie; Introduction; Believe It or Not: Rethinking the Historical Interpretation of Memory, Paul Thompson, Comment by Glenace E. Edwall; Tricked by Memory, Elizabeth F. Loftus, Comment by Eva M. McMahan; American History and the Structures of Collective Memory: A Modest Exercise in Empirical Iconography, Michael H. Frisch, Comment by Kenneth Foote; Dialogue I: Sally Browder, Michael H. Frisch, ELizabeth Loftus, Paul Thompson; Phoenix and Chimera: The Changing Faces of Memory, Marigold Linton, Comment by Kim Lacy Rogers; What One Cannot Remember Mistakenly, Karen E. Fields, Comment by Alpine W. Jefferson; Reliability and Validity in Oral History: The Case for Memory, Alice M. Hoffman and Howard S. Hoffman, Comment by Terry Anderson, Comment by Brent Slife; Dialogue II: Karen E. Feilds, Alice M. Hoffman, Howard S. Hoffman, Marigold Linton, Paul Thompson, Donald Ritchie; Afterword, Lewis M. Barker. Co-published with the Institute for Oral History.