The scientific study of the human mind and brain has come of age with the advent of technologically advanced methods for imaging brain structure and activity in health and disease, plus computational theories of cognition. These advances are leading to sophisticated new accounts for how mental processes are implemented in the human brain, but they also raise new challenges. Mental Processes in the Human Brain provides an integrative overview of the rapid advances and future challenges in understanding the neurobiological basis of mental processes that are characteristically (and in some cases, perhaps uniquely) human, including: language; thought; understanding of others; attention; planning and decision-making; emotion; memory; prediction; and awareness itself. The book also presents the latest insights into how these various processes can break down after brain injury. With chapters from some of leading figures in the brain sciences, this book will be essential for all those in the cognitive and brain sciences.
Introduction: Mental processes in the human brain ; 1. From cognitive to neural models of working memory ; 2. The cognitive neuroscience of constructive memory: remembering the past and imagining the future ; 3. The human amygdala and orbital prefrontal cortex in behavioural regulation ; 4. Beyond the sentence given ; 5. The reign of typicality in semantic memory ; 6. Morphology, language and the brain: the decompositional substrate for language comprehension ; 7. Modulation of visual processing by attention and emotion: windows on causal interactions between human brain regions ; 8. Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: a critical review of visual masking ; 9. Neural correlates of the contents of visual awareness in humans ; 10. Function and localization within rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) ; 11. Is there a dysexecutive syndrome? ; 12. Shifting and stopping: fronto-striatal substrates, neurochemical modulations and clinical implications ; 13. Should I stay or should I go? How the human brain manages the trade-off between exploitation and exploration