Metal Nanopowders: Production, Characterization, and Energetic Applications

Metal Nanopowders: Production, Characterization, and Energetic Applications

By: Alexander A. Gromov (editor), Ulrich Teipel (editor)Hardback

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Description

Written with both postgraduate students and researchers in academia and industry in mind, this reference covers the chemistry behind metal nanopowders, including production, characterization, oxidation and combustion. The contributions from renowned international scientists working in the field detail applications in technologies, scale-up processes and safety aspects surrounding their handling and storage.

About Author

Alexander Gromov obtained his academic degrees from Bijsk Technologic Institute (1998, Chem.Eng.) and Tomsk Polytechnic University (2000, PhD), before working for Tomsk Polytechnic University (Russia), University of Ulsan (South Korea), Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology (Germany), Milan Polytechnic University (Italy). He was a visiting professor at the Aerospace Engineering Department at Milan Polytechnic University (Italy), 2011-2013 before obtaining the Humboldt Grant for Experienced Researchers and moving to Nuremberg Technical University George-Simon Ohm (Germany) in 2013. Professor Gromov has authored over 150 scientific publications and several books and has received numerous Russian scientific awards, including the Russian Academy of Science Medal in 2009. He is also a member of the International Award Committee of the "Global Energy Prize". Ulrich Teipel studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Applied Science of Munster, Germany, 1977 to 1981, followed by Chemical Engineering and Fluid Mechanics at the Technical University (RWTH) of Aachen, Germany, from 1983 to 1990. From 1991 on, he worked as a Research Scientist at the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), becoming Leader of the research group Particle Technology and Deputy Head of the department Energetic Materials in 1996. Since 2004 he has been a Professor of Particle Technology, Mechanical Process Engineering and Fluidmechanics at the Nuremberg Technical University George-Simon Ohm, Germany. His research focuses on R&D on the product design and characterization of particulate materials. Within the field of Particle Technology he is involved in communition, sieve classification, raw materials, mineral processing, rheology of complex fluids and the characterization of particles and disperse systems. Prof. Teipel is a Member of the German Society of Crystallization and Communition and Classification.

Contents

Foreword Introduction ESTIMATION OF THERMODYNAMIC DATA OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLES BASED ON BULK VALUES Introduction Thermodynamic Background Size-Dependent Materials Data of Nanoparticles Comparison of Experimental and Calculated Melting Temperatures Comparision with Data for the Entropy of Melting Discusson of the Results Conclusions Appendix NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF INDIVIDUAL METALLIC NANOPARTICLES Introduction Molecular Dynamics Simulation Size-Dependent Properties Sintering Study of Two Nanoparticles Oxidation of Nanoparticles in the Presence of Oxygen Heating and Cooling of a Core-Shell Structured Particle Chapter Summary ELECTROEXPLOSIVE NANOMETALS Introduction Electrical Explosion of Wires Technology for Nanometals Production Conclusion METAL NANOPOWDERS PRODUCTION Introduction EEW Method of Nanopowder Production Recondensation NP-Producing Methods: Plasma-Based Technology Characteristics of Al Nanopowders Nanopowder Chemical Passivation Microencapsulation of Al Nanoparticles The Process of Producing Nanopowders of Aluminum by Plasma-Based Technology CHARACTERIZATION OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLE AGGLOMERATES Introduction Description of the Structure of Nanoparticle Agglomerates Experimental Techniques to Characterize the Agglomerate Structure Mechanical Stability Thermal Stability Rate-Limiting Steps: Gas Transport versus Reaction Velocity Conclusions PASSIVATION OF METAL NANOPOWDERS Introduction Theoretical and Experimental Background Characteristics of the Passivated Particles Conclusion SAFETY ASPECTS OF METAL NANOPOWDERS Introduction Some Basic Phenomena of Oxidation of Nanometal Particles in Air Determination of Fire Hazards of Nanopowders Sensitivity against Electrostatic Discharge Ranking of Nanopowders According to Hazard Classification Demands for Packing REACTION OF ALUMINUM POWDERS WITH LIQUID WATER AND STEAM Introduction Experimental Technique for Studying Reaction Al Powders with Liquid and Gaseous Water Oxidation of Aluminum Powder in Water Vapor Flow Nanopowders Passivated with Coatings on the Base of Aluminum Carbide Study of Al Powder/H2O Slurry Samples Heated Linear in "Open System" by STA Ultrasound (US) and Chemical Activation of Metal Aluminum Oxidation in Liquid Water Conclusion NANOSIZED COBALT CATALYSTS FOR HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS BASED ON AMMONIA BORANE AND SODIUM BOROHYDRIDE Introduction A Study of Nanosized Cobalt Borides by Physicochemical Methods Conclusions REACTIVE AND METASTABLE NANOMATERIALS PREPARED BY MECHANICAL MILLING Introduction Mechanical Milling Equipment Process Parameters Material Characterization Ignition and Combustion Experiments Starting Materials Mechanically Alloyed and Metal-Metal Composite Powders Reactive Nanocomposite Powders Conclusions CHARACTERIZING METAL PARTICLE COMBUSTION IN SITU: NON-EQUILIBRIUM DIAGNOSTICS Introduction Ignition and Combustion of Solid Materials Aluminum Reaction Mechanisms The Flame Tube Flame Temperature Conclusions CHARACTERIZATION AND COMBUSTION OF ALUMINUM NANOPOWDERS IN ENERGETIC SYSTEMS Fuels in Energetic Systems: Introduction and Literature Survey Thermochemical Performance of Energetic Additives Nanosized Powder Characterization Mechanical and Rheological Behavior with Nanopowders Combustion of Nanopowders in Solid Propellants and Fuels Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9783527333615
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 440
  • ID: 9783527333615
  • weight: 1088
  • ISBN10: 3527333614

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