The years between the two world wars marked an important transition period in mainstream Protestant missions. The reality of secularization and materialism, and the increased importance attached to professional training in the West, had a significant impact on the international missions community. Modern Women Modernizing Men illustrates how the once-dominant paradigm of separate spheres -- "women's work for women" -- lost its saliency as professional women such as Chone Oliver, Florence Murray, and Margaret Wrong entered work worlds where their colleagues were mainly men.Drs. Oliver and Murray worked in very different ways to modernize medical missions, serving, respectively, in British India and Japanese and postcolonial Korea. As secretary for a London-based international and ecumenical missions committee, Wrong travelled tens of thousands of miles through sub-Saharan Africa to promote the development of literature for and by Africans. While Oliver, Murray, and Wrong were sympathetic to causes such as female suffrage and ordination at home, and were moved by the plight of marginalized groups of women in their fields of work, they eschewed careers that would have had them labouring for causes exclusively related to their own sex. In this respect, they were "modern" feminists with a strong commitment to professional values.Through the experiences of these three women, whose Christian faith energized their projects -- projects that anticipated many of the goals and dilemmas of contemporary development work -- Ruth Compton Brouwer offers an original exploration of changing professional, gender, and race relations in colonial settings. This book will be of interest to scholars engaged in gender, women's, and postcolonial studies, as well as to readers interested in the history of the international missionary movement.
Ruth Compton Brouwer is Chair of the Department of History, King's College, University of Western Ontario, and author of New Women for God: Canadian Presbyterian Women and India Missions, 1876-1914.
Illustrations Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction 1 "A Life Lived and Not a Message Delivered": Challenge and Change in Interwar Missions 2 "Colleagues and Eventually Successors": Dr. Chone Oliver and the Struggle to Establish a Christian Medical College in Late Colonial India 3 The Triumph of "Standards" over "Sisterhood": Florence Murray's Approach to the Practice and Teaching of Western Medicine in Korea, 1921-69 4 Books for Africa: Margaret Wrong and the Gendering of African Literature, 1929-63 5 Women in a Transitional Era: Links and Legacies Appendices Notes Select Bibliography Index