About the Author
DEEPA NARAYAN is Senior Adviser in the Office of the Vice President of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network at the World Bank, USA. She is currently leading the 15-country study entitled 'Moving Out of Poverty: Understanding Freedom, Democracy and Growth from the Bottom Up', aimed at finding out how people create wealth to escape poverty. She was team leader for the multicountry Voices of the Poor project and is lead author of the three-volume series Voices of the Poor. Her recent edited volumes include Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook; Measuring Empowerment: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives; Ending Poverty in South Asia: Ideas that Work. PATTI PETESCH is a specialist in qualitative poverty analysis and freelances for international development organizations, US and European foundations, and think tanks. She served as coordinator for the World Bank's Voices of the Poor and Moving Out of Poverty studies. With colleagues, she has developed a conceptual model for measuring changes in poor people's empowerment. Her recent publications include 'Evaluating Empowerment: A Framework with Cases from Latin America' (with C. Smulovitz and M. Walton, in Measuring Empowerment: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives) and Voices of the Poor from Colombia: Strengthening Livelihoods, Families and Communities (with J. Arboleda and J. Blackburn).