This book brings together the latest thinking about poverty dynamics from diverse analytic traditions. While covering a vast body of conceptual and empirical knowledge about economic and social mobility, the ten chapters take the reader on compelling journeys of multigenerational accounts of three villages in Kanartaka, India; twelve years in the life of a street child in Burkina Faso; a shorter term comparative examination of country-wide experiences with mobility in rich nations; and much more. The authors - leading development practitioners and scholars from the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology - critically examine the literature from their disciplines and contribute new frameworks and evidence from their own works.
DEEPA NARAYAN is Senior Adviser in the Office of the Vice President of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network at the World Bank, USA. She is currently leading the 15-country study entitled 'Moving Out of Poverty: Understanding Freedom, Democracy and Growth from the Bottom Up', aimed at finding out how people create wealth to escape poverty. She was team leader for the multicountry Voices of the Poor project and is lead author of the three-volume series Voices of the Poor. Her recent edited volumes include Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Sourcebook; Measuring Empowerment: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives; Ending Poverty in South Asia: Ideas that Work. PATTI PETESCH is a specialist in qualitative poverty analysis and freelances for international development organizations, US and European foundations, and think tanks. She served as coordinator for the World Bank's Voices of the Poor and Moving Out of Poverty studies. With colleagues, she has developed a conceptual model for measuring changes in poor people's empowerment. Her recent publications include 'Evaluating Empowerment: A Framework with Cases from Latin America' (with C. Smulovitz and M. Walton, in Measuring Empowerment: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives) and Voices of the Poor from Colombia: Strengthening Livelihoods, Families and Communities (with J. Arboleda and J. Blackburn).
Introduction and Overview; D.Narayan & P.Petesch SECTION I: MOBILITY ACROSS COUNTRIES AND STATES Poverty and the Politics of Exclusion; C.Tilly Poverty Mobility: A Review of Quantitative Methods and Evidence; S.Dercon & J.Shapiro Intragenerational Income Mobility: Poverty Dynamics in Industrial Societies; R.Erikson & B.Nolan Escaping Poverty and Becoming Poor in Three States of India (with additional evidence from Kenya, Uganda and Peru); A.Krishna SECTION II: INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND COMMUNITY MOBILITY Poverty, Caste and Migration in South India; S.Epstein Elusive Pathways Out of Poverty: Intra and Inter-generational mobility in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro; J.Perlman & S.Anthony Escaping Extreme Poverty: Family Monographs from Burkina Faso and Peru; X.Godinot, C.Heyberger, P.Heyberger, M.Ugarte & R.Ugarte SECTION III: MIGRATION, IDENTITY AND EMPOWERMENT Moving Away from Poverty: Migrant Remittances, Livelihoods and Development; A.Hall Migration, Remittances and Ethnic Identity in Guatemala; S.Davis