MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2 s (eMagRes Books)

MRI of Tissues with Short T2s or T2 s (eMagRes Books)

By: Gary D. Fullerton (editor), Graeme M. Bydder (editor), Ian R. Young (editor)Hardback

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Description

The content of this volume has been added to eMagRes (formerly Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance) - the ultimate online resource for NMR and MRI. Up to now MRI could not be used clinically for imaging fine structures of bones or muscles. Since the late 1990s however, the scene has changed dramatically. In particular, Graeme Bydder and his many collaborators have demonstrated the possibility and importance of imaging structures in the body that were previously regarded as being MR Invisible . The images obtained with a variety of these newly developed methods exhibit complex contrast, resulting in a new quality of images for a wide range of new applications. This Handbook is designed to enable the radiology community to begin their assessment of how best to exploit these new capabilities. It is organised in four major sections the first of which, after an Introduction, deals with the basic science underlying the rest of the contents of the Handbook. The second, larger, section describes the techniques which are used in recovering the short T2 and T2* data from which the images are reconstructed. The third and fourth sections present a range of applications of the methods described earlier. The third section deals with pre-clinical uses and studies, while the final section describes a range of clinical applications. It is this last section that will surely have the biggest impact on the development in the next few years as the huge promise of Short T2 and T2* Imaging will be exploited to the benefit of patients. In many instances, the authors of an article are the only research group who have published on the topic they describe. This demonstrates that this Handbook presents a range of methods and applications with a huge potential for future developments. About EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks The Encyclopedia of Magnetic Resonance (up to 2012) and eMagRes (from 2013 onward) publish a wide range of online articles on all aspects of magnetic resonance in physics, chemistry, biology and medicine. The existence of this large number of articles, written by experts in various fields, is enabling the publication of a series of EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks on specific areas of NMR and MRI. The chapters of each of these handbooks will comprise a carefully chosen selection of articles from eMagRes. In consultation with the eMagRes Editorial Board, the EMR Handbooks / eMagRes Handbooks are coherently planned in advance by specially-selected Editors, and new articles are written (together with updates of some already existing articles) to give appropriate complete coverage. The handbooks are intended to be of value and interest to research students, postdoctoral fellows and other researchers learning about the scientific area in question and undertaking relevant experiments, whether in academia or industry. Have the content of this Handbook and the complete content of eMagRes at your fingertips! Visit: www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eMagRes View other eMagRes publications here

About Author

Graeme M Bydder is professor of radiology specializing in magnetic resonance imaging. He has published articles on magnetic resonance techniques, clinical applications of magnetic resonance, image interpretation and related subjects. He is the main developer of UTE. Professor Ian Young, from Marlborough, who helped develop the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) technology, ?has received the Sir Frank Whittle Medal. MRI uses special imaging techniques to take pictures of inside the body. Professor Young, 72, was one of two authors who published the first MRI-generated image of a head in 1978. He also built the world's first MRI machine to use a super-conducting magnet for imaging, an approach now in almost universal use.

Contents

Contributors ix Series Preface xvii Preface xix Part A: Basic Science 1 1 An Introduction to Short and Ultrashort T2/T2* Echo Time (UTE) Imaging Ian Young 3 2 The Physics of Relaxation John C. Gore, Adam W. Anderson 15 3 Mechanisms for Short T2 and T2* in Collagen-Containing Tissue Lada V. Krasnosselskaia 31 4 Physical Chemistry of Collagen: The Molecular Basis of Magic Angle Contrast Gary D. Fullerton 43 Part B: Techniques 59 5 Centric SPRITE MRI of Biomaterials with Short T2*s Igor V. Mastikhin, Bruce J. Balcom 61 6 Selective Excitation for Ultrashort Echo Time Imaging John M. Pauly 69 7 Practical Implementation of UTE Imaging Paul M. Margosian, Tetsuhiko Takahashi, Masahiro Takizawa 79 8 MRI with Zero Echo Time M. Weiger, K. P. Pruessmann 97 9 AWSOS Pulse Sequence and High-Resolution UTE Imaging Yongxian Qian, Fernando E. Boada 111 10 Capturing Signals from Fast-Relaxing Spins with Frequency-Swept MRI: SWIFT Michael Garwood, Djaudat Idiyatullin, Curtis A. Corum, Ryan Chamberlain, Steen Moeller, Naoharu Kobayashi, Lauri J. Lehto, Jinjin Zhang, Robert O Connell, Michael Tesch, Mikko J. Nissi, Jutta Ellermann, Donald R. Nixdorf 125 11 Imaging in the Presence of Prostheses Brian A. Hargreaves, Pauline W. Worters, Kim Butts Pauly, John M. Pauly, Garry E. Gold, Kevin M. Koch 143 12 MR Imaging near Metal with UTE MAVRIC Sequences Michael Carl, Kevin M. Koch, Jiang Du 155 13 Effects of Hip Prostheses In Situ Exposed to 64 and 128 MHz RF Fields Jeffrey W. Hand, Donald W. McRobbie 163 14 Absorption Methods for ESR and NMR Imaging of Solid Materials Andrew J. Fagan, David J. Lurie 171 Part C: Preclinical 185 15 Contrast Manipulation in MR Imaging of Short T2 and T2* Tissues Nikolaus M. Szeverenyi, Michael Carl 187 16 Magnetization Transfer Ultrashort Echo Time (MT-UTE) Imaging Fabian Springer, Petros Martirosian, Fritz Schick 197 17 Ultrashort TE Phase and Spectroscopic Imaging of Short T2 Tissues in the Musculoskeletal System Jiang Du, Michael Carl, Graeme M. Bydder 209 18 Quantitative Ultrashort TE (UTE) Imaging of Short T2 Tissues Jiang Du 221 19 MRI-Based Attenuation Correction for Emission Tomography Using Ultrashort Echo Time Sequences Vincent Keereman, Christian Vanhove, Stefaan Vandenberghe 235 20 Imaging of Very Fast Flows with PC-UTE Kieran R. O Brien, Matthew D. Robson 249 21 Double-Quantum Filtered MRI of Connective Tissues Gil Navon, Uzi Eliav 261 22 Positive-Contrast Visualization of Iron-Oxide-Labeled Cells Peter M. Jakob, Daniel Haddad 273 Part D: Clinical 287 23 Imaging of Short and Ultrashort T2 and T2* Components of Tissues, Fluids and Materials in the Body Using Clinical Magnetic Resonance Systems Graeme M. Bydder 289 24 Image-Based Assessment of Cortical Bone Felix W. Wehrli 305 25 Ultrashort Echo Time Imaging of Phosphorus in Man Matthew D. Robson 319 26 Knee Emily J. McWalter, Hillary J. Braun, Kathryn E. Keenan, Garry E. Gold 325 27 Short and Ultrashort TE Imaging of Cartilage and Fibrocartilage Won C. Bae, Eric Y. Chang, Christine B. Chung 339 28 Myelin Water Imaging Alex L. MacKay, Cornelia Laule 359 29 Quantitative Metabolic MR Imaging of Human Brain Using 17O and 23Na Ian C. Atkinson, Aiming Lu, Keith R. Thulborn 377 30 Sodium MRI in Man: Technique and Findings Paul A. Bottomley 397 31 Short T2/T2* Imaging of Calcification and Atherosclerosis Sonia Nielles-Vallespin 415 32 Ultrashort TE in Cancer Imaging Konstantina Boulougouri, Christina Messiou, Nandita M. deSouza 425 33 Ultrashort TE Imaging of Cryotherapy Aiming Lu, Bruce L. Daniel, Kim Butts Pauly 433 34 Imaging around Orthopedic Hardware: Clinical Applications Catherine L. Hayter, Hollis G. Potter 449 Index 463

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780470688359
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 500
  • ID: 9780470688359
  • weight: 1398
  • ISBN10: 0470688351

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