This book presents cutting-edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Of particular interest are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: analytical chemistry and spectroscopy; ancient and historical metallurgy; natural and artificial glass; characterization, sources and production of ceramics; organic materials technologies; architectural conservation and materials characterization; conservation of archaeological and historical materials; and other studies of ceramics and metals.
Preface; Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings; Part I. The Conservation Science of Stone Consolidation, Site Material Condition and a New Pollution Source in the Museum Environment: 1. Nucleation, growth and evolution of hydroxyapatite films on calcite; 2. Novel hydroxyapatite-based consolidant and the acceleration of hydrolysis of silicate-based consolidants; 3. Properties and characterization of building materials from the Laosicheng Ruins in Southern China; 4. Dispersions of surface modified calcium hydroxide nanoparticles with enhanced kinetic stability: properties and applications to desalination and consolidation of the Yungang Grottoes; 5. Unraveling the core of the Gran Piramide from Cholula, Puebla: a compositional and microstructural analysis of the adobe; 6. Environmental monitoring of volatile organic compounds using silica gel, zeolite and activated charcoal; Part II. The Narrative Interpretation of Process Reconstruction and Materials Characterization in Technical Art History and Archaeological Science: 7. Study of Mexican colonial mural paintings: an in-situ non-invasive approach; 8. Investigating a moche cast copper artifact for its manufacturing technology; 9. Hawaiian barkcloth from the Bishop Museum collections: a characterization of materials and techniques in collaboration with modern practitioners to effect preservation of a traditional cultural practice; 10. Technology of Egyptian core glass vessels; Part III. Technical Art History: Pigment Identification, Reactivity and Transformation: 11. Characterization of bistre pigment samples by FTIR, SERS, Py-GC/MS and XRF; 12. Analysis of lead carboxylates and lead-containing pigments in oil paintings by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance; 13. Fine pore structure characterization in two gessoes using focused ion bean scanning; 14. Effects of humidity on gessoes for easel paintings; Part IV. Alteration, Technology and Interpretation of Archaeological Ceramics, Glazes and Glasses: 15. Role of weathering layers on the alteration kinetics of medieval stained glass in an atmospheric medium; 16. Study of cloisonne enamel glaze of decorative components from Fuwangge in the Forbidden City by means of LA-ICP-MS and micro-raman spectroscopy; 17. Technological behavior in the southwest: Pueblo I lead glaze paints from the Upper San Juan region; 18. Analysis and replication of Jianyang tea bowls from Song Dynasty China; 19. The technological development of decorated Corinthian pottery, 8th to 6th centuries BCE; 20. Ceramics at the emergence of the Silk Road: a case of village potters from southeastern Kazakhstan during the late Iron Age; 21. Ceramics at the emergence of the Silk Road: a case from southeastern Kazakhstan: retraction; Part V. Characterization of Metal and Stone Characterization, and Metal Nanoparticle Corrosion: 22. Benefits of the complementary use of archaeometry investigations and historical research in the study of ancient airplanes: the Breguet Sahara's rivets; 23. Non-invasive characterization of stone artifacts from the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan, Mexico; 24. Multiscale characterization of limestone used on monuments of cultural heritage; 25. Characterization of a surface tarnish found on daguerreotypes revealed under shortwave ultraviolet radiation; Part VI. Method Development in Image Processing, Analysis and Proof of Concept: 26. Quantitative porosity studies of archaeological ceramics by petrographic image analysis; 27. Dual-beam scanning electron microscope (SEM) and focused ion beam (FIB): a practical method for characterization of small cultural heritage objects; 28. The potential of low frequency EPR spectroscopy in studying pottery artifacts and pigments.