The problem of the nature of fiction and the problem of nonexistence are closely tied because fiction often talks about nonexistent entities. In Fiction, Reference, and Nonexistence, A. P. Martinich and Avrum Stroll, two of America's leading philosophers, explore fiction and undertake an analytic philosophical study of fiction and its reference and its relation to truth. Included in the discussion is the authors' new, contemporary theory of fiction developed as an extension of the speech act theory of H. P. Grice, as well as the relationship between nonexistence and Bertrand Russell's well-known theory of definite descriptions, and Hilary Putnam's theory of the relationship between common names and the world.
A. P. Martinich is Roy Allison Vaughan Centennial Professor in Philosophy at the University of Texas, Austin and the author of more than a dozen books. He is the editor of Philosophy of Language and is on the board of directors of the Journal of the History of Philosophy. Avrum Stroll is professor emeritus of philosophy at the University of California at San Diego. He is the author of numerous books and hundreds of articles on topics including philosophy of language and analytic philosophy.
Part 1 Part I: Fiction and Reference Chapter 2 A Theory of Fiction Chapter 3 Pretense and Fiction Chapter 4 History and Fiction Part 5 Part II: Reference and Non-Existence Chapter 6 Fiction and Reference Again Chapter 7 Direct Reference Theories and Natural Kinds