When should the United States cooperate with others in confronting global problems? Why is the U.S. often ambivalent about multilateral cooperation? What are the costs of acting alone? These are some of the timely questions addressed in this examination of the role of multilateralism in U.S. foreign policy. The authors isolate a number of factors that help to explain U.S. reluctance to commit to multilateral cooperation. They then analyze recent policy in specific areas - e.g., the use of force, peace-keeping, arms control, human rights, the United Nations, sanctions, international trade, environmental protection - probing the causes and consequences of U.S. decisions to act alone or opt out of multilateral initiatives. A concluding chapter underscores the point that increasingly pressing transnational problems may require the U.S. to reform its policymaking structures and to reconsider longstanding assumptions about national sovereignty and freedom of action.
Stewart Patrick is research associate at the Center on International Cooperation (CIC) at New York University. Shepard Forman is founder and director of CIC.
Multilateralism and Its Discontents: The Causes and Consequences of U.S. Ambivalence - S. Patrick. Dimensions of U.S. Multilateralism. The United States, International Organizations, and the Quest for Legitimacy - E.C. Luck. The Growing Influence of Domestic Factors - P.N. Lyman. The Role of Public Opinion - S. Kull. Multilateralism and U.S. Grand Strategy - G.J. Ikenberry. U.S. Unilateralism: A European Perspective - W. Wallace. Policy In Practice. Unilateral Action in a Multilateral World - R. Wedgwood. Multilateral Peace Operations - S.B. Sewall. Nuclear Weapons: The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and National Missile Defense - T. Graham, Jr. and D.J. LaVera. The Chemical Weapons Convention - A.E. Smithson. The U.S. as ""Deadbeat""? The United States and UN Financial Crisis - M.P. Karns and K.A. Mingst. Extraterritorial Sanctions: Managing ""Hyper-Unilateralism"" in U.S. Foreign Policy - M. Mastanduno. Unilateralism, Multilateralism, and the International Criminal Court - B.S. Brown. Why Is U.S. Human Rights Policy So Unilateralist? - A. Moravcsik. Ambivalent Multilateralism and the Emerging Backlash: The WTO and IMF - K.A. Elliot and G.C. Hufbauer. Climate Change: Unilateralism, Realism, and Two-Level Games - H.K. Jacobson. Multilateralism as a Matter of Fact: U.S. Leadership and the Management of the International Public Sector - S. Forman.