Multilayer Thin Films: Sequential Assembly of Nanocomposite Materials (2nd Edition)

Multilayer Thin Films: Sequential Assembly of Nanocomposite Materials (2nd Edition)

By: Joe B. Schlenoff (editor), Gero Decher (editor)Hardback

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Description

This second, comprehensive edition of the pioneering book in this fi eld has been completely revised and extended, now stretching to two volumes. The result is a comprehensive summary of layer-by-layer assembled, truly hybrid nanomaterials and thin fi lms, covering organic, inorganic, colloidal, macromolecular, and biological components, as well as the assembly of nanoscale fi lms derived from them on surfaces. These two volumes are essential for anyone working in the field, as well as scientists and researchers active in materials development, who needs the key knowledge provided herein for linking the field of molecular self-assembly with the bio- and materials sciences.

About Author

Gero Decher is a Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at the University of Strasbourg, France, a senior member of the Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) and a member of the International Center for Frontier Research in Chemistry. His research team is located at CNRS Institut Charles Sadron in Strasbourg where he continues to develop the layer-by-layer assembly method in collaboration with his colleagues Pierre Schaaf and Jean-Claude Voegel. This method is applied in many laboratories world-wide in various scientific disciplines, including chemistry, materials science and biotechnology. Gero Decher has received numerous awards, including the ECIS-Rhodia prize in 2010 and the Grand Prix of the French "Academie des Sciences" for Nanobiotechnology in 2009. Joseph B. Schlenoff is Mandelkern Professor of Polymer Science of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the Florida State University, USA. His laboratory is engaged in multidisciplinary research centered on the use of novel structures made from polyelectrolytes that are deposited using the layer-by-layer technique. His work, supported by the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health, among others, focuses on fundamental polymer science aspects of polyelectrolyte complexes and on their interactions with biological materials. In 2011, Joseph Schlenoff received a Gutenburg Chair at the University of Strasbourg.

Contents

List of Contributors XXV Volume 1 1 Layer-by-Layer Assembly (Putting Molecules to Work) 1 Gero Decher 1.1 The Whole is More than the Sum of its Parts 1 1.2 From Self-Assembly to Directed Assembly 1 1.3 History and Development of the Layer-by-Layer Assembly Method 4 1.4 LbL-Assembly is the Synthesis of Fuzzy Supramolecular Objects 6 1.5 Reproducibility and Choice of Deposition Conditions 7 1.6 Monitoring Multilayer Build-up 10 1.7 Spray- and Spin-Assisted Multilayer Assembly 13 1.8 Recent Developments 14 1.9 Final Remarks 18 References 19 Part I Preparation and Characterization 23 2 Layer-by-Layer Processed Multilayers: Challenges and Opportunities 25 Michael F. Rubner and Robert E. Cohen 2.1 Introduction 25 2.2 Fundamental Challenges and Opportunities 25 2.3 Technological Challenges and Opportunities 31 2.4 The Path Forward 36 References 36 3 Layer-by-Layer Assembly: from Conventional to Unconventional Methods 43 Guanglu Wu and Xi Zhang 3.1 Introduction 43 3.2 Conventional LbL Methods 44 3.3 Unconventional LbL Methods 52 3.4 Summary and Outlook 64 References 64 4 Novel Multilayer Thin Films: Hierarchic Layer-by-Layer (Hi-LbL) Assemblies 69 Katsuhiko Ariga, Qingmin Ji, and Jonathan P. Hill 4.1 Introduction 69 4.2 Hi-LbL for Multi-Cellular Models 70 4.3 Hi-LbL for Unusual Drug Delivery Modes 72 4.4 Hi-LbL for Sensors 75 4.5 Future Perspectives 79 References 80 5 Layer-by-Layer Assembly Using Host-Guest Interactions 83 Janneke Veerbeek, David N. Reinhoudt, and Jurriaan Huskens 5.1 Introduction 83 5.2 Supramolecular Layer-by-Layer Assembly 84 5.3 3D Patterned Multilayer Assemblies on Surfaces 85 5.4 3D Supramolecular Nanoparticle Crystal Structures 88 5.5 Porous 3D Supramolecular Assemblies in Solution 90 5.6 Conclusions 95 References 95 6 LbL Assemblies Using van der Waals or Affinity Interactions and Their Applications 99 Takeshi Serizawa, Mitsuru Akashi, Michiya Matsusaki, Hioharu Ajiro, and Toshiyuki Kida 6.1 Introduction 99 6.2 Stereospecific Template Polymerization of Methacrylates by Stereocomplex Formation in Nanoporous LbL Films 100 6.3 Preparation and Properties of Hollow Capsules Composed of Layer-by-Layer Polymer Films Constructed through van der Waals Interactions 113 6.4 Fabrication of Three-Dimensional Cellular Multilayers Using Layer-by-Layer Protein Nanofilms Constructed through Affinity Interaction 120 6.5 Conclusion 129 References 129 7 Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Polymeric Complexes 135 Junqi Sun, Xiaokong Liu, and Jiacong Shen 7.1 Introduction 135 7.2 Concept of LbL Assembly of Polymeric Complexes 136 7.3 Structural Tailoring of LbL-Assembled Films of Polymeric Complexes 140 7.4 LbL-Assembled Functional Films of Polymeric Complexes 144 7.5 Summary 149 References 149 8 Making Aqueous Nanocolloids from Low Solubility Materials: LbL Shells on Nanocores 151 Yuri Lvov, Pravin Pattekari, and Tatsiana Shutava 8.1 Introduction 151 8.2 Formation of Nanocores 153 8.3 Ultrasonication-Assisted LbL Assembly 154 8.4 Solvent-Assisted Precipitation Into Preformed LbL-Coated Soft Organic Nanoparticles 159 8.5 Washless (Titration) LbL Technique 161 8.6 Formation of LbL Shells on Nanocores 163 8.7 Drug Release Study 165 8.8 Conclusions 168 References 168 9 Cellulose Fibers and Fibrils as Templates for the Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Technology 171 Lars Wagberg 9.1 Background 171 9.2 Formation of LbLs on Cellulose Fibers 172 9.3 The use of LbL to Improve Adhesion between Wood Fibers 176 9.4 The Use of LbL to Prepare Antibacterial Fibers 179 9.5 The use of NFC/CNC to Prepare Interactive Layers Using the LbL Approach 182 9.6 Conclusions 185 References 186 10 Freely Standing LbL Films 189 Chaoyang Jiang and Vladimir V. Tsukruk 10.1 Introduction 189 10.2 Fabrication of Freely Standing Ultrathin LbL Films 189 10.3 Porous and Patterned Freely Standing LbL Films 204 10.4 Freely Standing LbL Films with Weak Interactions 208 References 214 11 Neutron Reflectometry at Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 219 Ralf Kohler, Chloe Chevigny, and Regine von Klitzing 11.1 Introduction 219 11.2 Neutron Reflectometry 219 11.3 Preparation Techniques for Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 224 11.4 Types of Polyelectrolytes 233 11.5 Preparation Parameters 238 11.6 Influence of External Fields After PEM Assembly 242 11.7 PEM as a Structural Unit 259 11.8 Conclusion and Outlook 261 References 262 12 Polyelectrolyte Conformation in and Structure of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 269 Stephan Block, Olaf Soltwedel, Peter Nestler, and Christiane A. Helm 12.1 Introduction 269 12.2 Results 270 12.3 Conclusion and Outlook 279 References 280 13 Charge Balance and Transport in Ion-Paired Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 281 Joseph B. Schlenoff 13.1 Introduction 281 13.2 Association Mechanism: Competitive Ion Pairing 283 13.3 Surface versus Bulk Polymer Charge 292 13.4 Polyelectrolyte Interdiffusion 301 13.5 Ion Transport Through Multilayers: the Reluctant Exchange Mechanism 305 13.6 Concluding Remarks 315 References 315 14 Conductivity Spectra of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers Revealing Ion Transport Processes 321 Monika Schonhoff and Cornelia Cramer 14.1 Introduction to Conductivity Studies of LbL Films 321 14.2 PEM Spectra: Overview 323 14.3 DC Conductivities of PEMs 324 14.4 Modeling of PEM Spectra 328 14.5 Ion Conduction in Polyelectrolyte Complexes 329 14.6 Scaling Principles in Conductivity Spectra: From Time Temperature to Time Humidity Superposition 332 References 335 15 Responsive Layer-by-Layer Assemblies: Dynamics, Structure and Function 337 Svetlana Sukhishvili 15.1 Introduction 337 15.2 Chain Dynamics and Film Layering 338 15.3 Responsive Swellable LbL Films 348 15.4 Conclusion and Outlook 358 References 359 16 Tailoring the Mechanics of Freestanding Multilayers 363 Andreas Fery and Vladimir V. Tsukruk 16.1 Introduction 363 16.2 Measurements of Mechanical Properties of Flat LbL Films 364 16.3 Mechanical Properties of LbL Microcapsules 372 16.4 Prospective Applications Utilizing Mechanical Properties 378 References 386 17 Design and Translation of Nanolayer Assembly Processes: Electrochemical Energy to Programmable Pharmacies 393 Md. Nasim Hyder, Nisarg J. Shah, and Paula T. Hammond 17.1 Introduction 393 17.2 Controlling Transport and Storing Charge in Multilayer Thin Films: Ions, Electrons and Molecules 395 17.3 LbL Films for Multi-Agent Drug Delivery Opportunities for Programmable Release 406 17.4 Automated Spray-LbL Enabling Function and Translation 422 17.5 Concluding Remarks 431 References 431 18 Surface-Initiated Polymerization and Layer-by-Layer Films 437 Nicel Estillore and Rigoberto C. Advincula 18.1 Introduction 437 18.2 Overview of Surface-Grafted Polymer Brushes 438 18.3 Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Self-Assembly 440 18.4 Combined LbL-SIP Approach 441 18.5 Applications of the Combined LbL-SIP Approach 449 18.6 Concluding Remarks 453 References 453 19 Quartz Crystal Resonator as a Tool for Following the Build-up of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 455 Mikko Salomaki and Jouko Kankare 19.1 Introduction 455 19.2 Basic Concepts 456 19.3 Growth Processes 461 19.4 Experimental Techniques 463 19.5 Analysis of QCR Data 465 References 469 Volume 2 Part II Applications 471 20 Electrostatic and Coordinative Supramolecular Assembly of Functional Films for Electronic Application and Materials Separation 473 Bernd Tieke, Ashraf El-Hashani, Kristina Hoffmann, and Anna Maier 20.1 Introduction 473 20.2 Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Membranes 474 20.3 Summary and Conclusions 504 References 506 21 Optoelectronic Materials and Devices Incorporating Polyelectrolyte Multilayers 511 H.D. Robinson, Reza Montazami, Chalongrat Daengngam, Ziwei Zuo, Wang Dong, Jonathan Metzman, and Randy Heflin 21.1 Introduction 511 21.2 Second Order Nonlinear Optics 512 21.3 Plasmonic Enhancement of Second Order Nonlinear Optical Response 515 21.4 Nonlinear Optical Fibers 519 21.5 Optical Fiber Biosensors 521 21.6 Antireflection Coatings 525 21.7 Electrochromic Devices 527 21.8 Electromechanical Actuators 530 References 533 22 Nanostructured Electrodes Assembled from Metal Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots in Polyelectrolytes 539 Lara Halaoui 22.1 Introduction 539 22.2 Nanostructured Pt Electrodes from Assemblies of Pt Nanoparticles in Polyelectrolytes 540 22.3 Nanostructured Photoelectrodes from Assemblies of Q-CdS in Polyelectrolytes 552 22.4 Conclusions 558 References 559 23 Record Properties of Layer-by-Layer Assembled Composites 573 Ming Yang, Paul Podsiadlo, Bong Sup Shim, and Nicholas A. Kotov 23.1 Introduction 573 23.2 LbL Assemblies of Clays 574 23.3 LBL Assemblies of Carbon Nanotubes 582 23.4 Conclusions and Perspectives 589 References 590 24 Carbon Nanotube-Based Multilayers 595 Yong Tae Park and Jaime C. Grunlan 24.1 Introduction 595 24.2 Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Layer-by-Layer Assemblies 596 24.4 Conclusions 609 References 609 25 Nanoconfined Polyelectrolyte Multilayers: From Nanostripes to Multisegmented Functional Nanotubes 613 Cecile J. Roy, Cedric C. Buron, Sophie Demoustier-Champagne, and Alain M. Jonas 25.1 Introduction 613 25.2 Estimation of the Size of Polyelectrolyte Chains in Dilute Solutions 614 25.3 Confining LbL Assembly on Flat Surfaces 618 25.4 Confining LbL Assembly in Nanopores 624 25.5 Conclusions 633 References 634 26 The Design of Polysaccharide Multilayers for Medical Applications 637 Benjamin Thierry, Dewang Ma, and Francoise M. Winnik 26.1 Introduction 637 26.2 Polysaccharides as Multilayered film Components: An Overview of Their Structure and Properties 638 26.3 Multilayers Formed by Assembly of Weak Polyanions and Chitosan or Chitosan Derivatives 642 26.4 Multilayers Formed by Assembly of Strong Polyanions and Chitosan or Chitosan Derivatives 647 26.5 Cardiovascular Applications of Polysaccharide Multilayers 650 26.6 Conclusions 654 References 655 27 Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films Based on Polysaccharides: From Physical Chemistry to the Control of Cell Differentiation 659 Thomas Boudou, Kefeng Ren, Thomas Crouzier, and Catherine Picart 27.1 Introduction 659 27.2 Film Internal Composition and Hydration 660 27.3 Film Cross-Linking: Relation Between Composition and Mechanical Properties 666 27.4 Cell Adhesion onto Cross-Linked Films: Cell Adhesion, Cytoskeletal Organization and Comparison with Other Model Materials 671 27.5 Cell Differentiation: ESC and Myoblasts 679 27.6 Conclusions 684 References 685 28 Diffusion of Nanoparticles and Biomolecules into Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Films: Towards New Functional Materials 691 Marc Michel and Vincent Ball 28.1 Introduction 691 28.2 LBL Films in Which Nanoparticles are Incorporated Step-By-Step 693 28.3 LBL Films Made Uniquely From Nanoparticles 693 28.4 Nanoparticles Produced by Post-treatment of Deposited Films 694 28.5 Diffusion of Colloids in Already Deposited Films 698 28.6 Emerging Properties of Films Filled with Nanoparticles by the Post-incubation Method 705 28.7 Conclusions and Perspectives 706 References 707 29 Coupling Chemistry and Hybridization of DNA Molecules on Layer-by-Layer Modified Colloids 711 Jing Kang and Lars Dahne 29.1 Introduction 711 29.2 Materials and Methods 712 29.3 Results 716 29.4 Summary 727 References 729 30 A Multilayered Approach to the Delivery of DNA: Exploiting the Structure of Polyelectrolyte Multilayers to Promote Surface-Mediated Cell Transfection and Multi-Agent Delivery 731 David M. Lynn 30.1 Introduction 731 30.2 Surface-Mediated Delivery of DNA: Motivation and Context, Opportunities and Challenges 732 30.3 Films Fabricated Using Hydrolytically Degradable Cationic Polymers 734 30.4 Toward Spatial Control: Release of DNA from the Surfaces of Implants and Devices 736 30.5 Toward Temporal Control: Tunable Release and Sequential Release 739 30.6 Concluding Remarks 745 References 746 31 Designing LbL Capsules for Drug Loading and Release 749 Bruno G. De Geest and Stefaan C. De Smedt 31.1 Introduction 749 31.2 Engineering Microparticulate Templates to Design LbL Capsules for Controlled Drug Release 750 31.3 Engineering the Shell to Design LbL Capsules for Controlled Drug Release 753 31.4 Interaction of LbL Capsules with Living Cells In Vitro and In Vivo 759 31.5 Conclusions 761 References 761 32 Stimuli-Sensitive LbL Films for Controlled Delivery of Proteins and Drugs 765 Katsuhiko Sato, Shigehiro Takahashi, and Jun-ichi Anzai 32.1 Introduction 765 32.2 Avidin-Containing LbL Films 765 32.3 Concanavalin A-containing LbL Films 768 32.4 Dendrimer-Containing LbL Films 771 32.5 Insulin-Containing LbL Films 772 32.6 Conclusions 774 References 776 33 Assembly of Multilayer Capsules for Drug Encapsulation and Controlled Release 777 Jinbo Fei, Yue Cui, Qiang He, and Junbai Li 33.1 Introduction 777 33.2 Magnetically Sensitive Release 779 33.3 Ultrasound-Stimulated Release 780 33.4 Photo-Stimulated Release 781 33.5 Thermo-Stimulated Release 783 33.6 pH-Sensitive Release 785 33.7 Redox-Controlled Release 787 33.8 Bio-Responsive Release 788 33.9 Extension 792 33.10 Concluding Remarks 794 References 794 34 Engineered Layer-by-Layer Assembled Capsules for Biomedical Applications 801 Angus P.R. Johnston, Georgina K. Such, Sarah J. Dodds, and Frank Caruso 34.1 Introduction 801 34.2 Template Selection 801 34.3 Material Assembly 804 34.4 Loading 809 34.5 Degradation and Release 813 34.6 Applications 816 34.7 Conclusions 823 References 824 35 Assembly of Polymer Multilayers from Organic Solvents for Biomolecule Encapsulation 831 Sebastian Beyer, Jianhao Bai, and Dieter Trau 35.1 Introduction 831 35.2 Limitations of LbL-Based Biomolecule Encapsulation in Aqueous Phase 834 35.3 LbL Biomolecule Encapsulation in the Organic Phase 835 35.4 Conclusion and Outlook 847 References 849 36 Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Composite Multilayer Microcapsules and Microchamber Arrays 851 Maria N. Antipina, Maxim V. Kiryukhin, and Gleb B. Sukhorukov 36.1 Introduction 852 36.2 Fabrication of Stimuli-Responsive LbL Microcapsules 853 36.3 Microchamber Arrays 873 36.4 Conclusion 881 References 882 37 Domain-Containing Functional Polyelectrolyte Films: Applications to Antimicrobial Coatings and Energy Transfer 891 Aurelie Guyomard, Bernard Nysten, Alain M. Jonas, and Karine Glinel 37.1 Introduction 891 37.2 Polyelectrolyte Films Incorporating Randomly Distributed Hydrophobic Nanodomains for Antimicrobial Applications 893 37.3 Multicompartmentalized Stratified Polyelectrolyte Films for Control of Energy Transfer 898 37.4 Conclusions and Perspectives 903 References 904 38 Creating Functional Membranes Through Polyelectrolyte Adsorption 907 Merlin L. Bruening 38.1 Introduction 907 38.2 Functionalization of the Interior of Membranes 908 38.3 LBL Films as Membrane Skins 918 38.4 Challenges 922 References 922 39 Remote and Self-Induced Release from Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Capsules and Films 925 Andre G. Skirtach, Dmitry V. Volodkin, and Helmuth Mohwald References 940 40 Controlled Architectures in LbL Films for Sensing and Biosensing 951 Osvaldo N. Oliveira Jr., Pedro H.B. Aoki, Felippe J. Pavinatto, and Carlos J.L. Constantino 40.1 Introduction 951 40.2 LbL-Based Sensors and Biosensors 952 40.3 Special Architectures for Sensing and Biosensing 964 40.4 Statistical and Computational Methods to Treat the Data 969 40.5 Conclusions and Perspectives 977 References 978 41 Patterned Multilayer Systems and Directed Self-Assembly of Functional Nano-Bio Materials 985 Ilsoon Lee 41.1 New Approaches and Materials for Multilayer Film Patterning Techniques 985 41.2 Cell Adhesion and Patterning Using PEMs 988 41.3 PEMs Incorporating Proteins and Their Patterning 990 41.4 Metal/Graphene Conductive Patterning via PEM Films 992 41.5 Ordered and Disordered Particles on PEMs 995 41.6 Mechanical Aspects of PEM Films and Degradable Films 997 References 999 42 Electrochemically Active LbL Multilayer Films: From Biosensors to Nanocatalysts 1003 Ernesto. J. Calvo 42.1 Introduction 1003 42.2 Electrochemical Response 1004 42.3 Dynamics of Charge Exchange 1012 42.4 Conclusions 1033 References 1034 43 Multilayer Polyelectrolyte Assembly in Feedback Active Coatings and Films 1039 Dmitry G. Shchukin and Helmuth Mohwald 43.1 Introduction. The Concept of Feedback Active Coatings 1039 43.2 Polyelectrolyte-Based Self-Healing Anticorrosion Coatings 1040 43.3 Coatings with Antibacterial Activity 1045 43.4 Conclusions and Outlook 1050 References 1050 Index 1053

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9783527316489
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 1112
  • ID: 9783527316489
  • weight: 2488
  • ISBN10: 3527316485
  • edition: 2nd Edition

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