Multilingualism is a crucial if often unrecognized marker of new European identities.
In this collection of essays, we observe how a plurilinguist and pluricultural political entity practices and theorizes multilingualism. We ask which types of multilingualism are defined, encouraged or discouraged at the level of official policies, but also at the level of communities. We look at speakers of hegemonic or minority languages, at travellers and long-term migrants or their children, and analyse how their conversations are represented in official documents, visual art, cinema, literature and popular culture.
The volume is divided into two parts that focus respectively on "Multilingual Europe" and "Multilingual Europeans." The first series of chapters explore the extent to which multilingualism is treated as both a challenge and an asset by the European Union, examine which factors contribute to the proliferation of languages: globalisation, the enlargement of the European Union and EU language policies. The second part of the volume concentrates on the ways in which cultural productions represent the linguistic practices of Europeans in a way that emphasizes the impossibility to separate language from culture, nationality, but also class, ethnicity or gender. The chapters suggest that each form of plurilingualism needs to be carefully analysed rather than celebrated or condemned.
Authors in this volume Mireille Rosello: Introduction Multilingualism in Europe: Policy and Practice Laszlo Maracz: Multilingualism in Europe: Policy and Practice Yvo Volman: The Lisbon Treaty and Linguistic Diversity: Policy and Practice in the European Institutions Galina Korshunova and Laszlo Maracz: Multilingualism and Transnational Communication Strategies in Europe: From Hapsburg to the European Union Vanja Ivanova: Language Policy and National Equality in socialist Yugoslavia (1945-1974) Glyn Williams and Gruffud Owain Williams: Union and Unity out of Diversity Balazs Vizi: Minority Languages and Multilingualism in Europe and in the European Union Timofey Agarin and Michael Hornsby: Language Sectarianism: Regional Languages Between the National Past and a European Future Eva Vetter: Teachers of Italian, Spanish and French: Limitations and Possibilities of their Education towards Multilingualism Plurilingual Europeans in a Multilingual Europe: Incomplete and Imperfect Communication Tactics Mireille Rosello: Plurilingual Europeans in a Multilingual Europe: Incomplete and Imperfect Communication Tactics Guido Snel: Lingua franca in Central Europe after the Disappearance of German Jean-Marc Moura: French within Europe and Beyond: The Case of `Francophone' Writers Dominic Thomas: Into the Jungle: Migration and Grammar in the New Europe Mary Gallagher: Multilingual Europeans, Contemporary Ireland and John Carney's film Once Mireille Rosello: French-Romani Dialogues in Gadjo Dilo: Who Teaches European Languages and Minority Cultures?