Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities

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Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.

About Author

Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council


1 Front Matter; 2 Executive Summary; 3 Part I: Introduction; 4 Introduction; 5 Dimensions of the Problem; 6 Methodological Issues and Approaches; 7 Part II: Review of the Evidence; 8 Epidemiological Evidence; 9 Tissue Mechanobiology; 10 Biomechanics; 11 Occupational Stress; 12 Interventions in the Workplace; 13 Work Now and In the Future; 14 Part II: Implications; 15 Patterns of Evidence; 16 Conclusions and Recommendations; 17 Research Agenda; 18 References; 19 Appendix A: Answers to Questions Posed by Congress; 20 Appendix B: Dissent, Robert M. Szabo; 21 Appendix C: Panel Response to the Dissent; 22 Appendix D: Contributors to the Report; 23 Appendix E: Biographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff; 24 Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780309072847
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 512
  • ID: 9780309072847
  • ISBN10: 0309072840

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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