As museums are increasingly asked to demonstrate not only their cultural, but also their educational and social significance, the means to understand how museum visitors learn becomes ever more important. And yet, learning can be conceptualised and investigated in many ways. Coming to terms with how theories about learning interact with one another and how they relate to `evidence-based learning' can be confusing at best.
Museum Learning attempts to make sense of multiple learning theories whilst focusing on a set of core learning topics in museums. Importantly, learning is considered not just as a cognitive characteristic, as some perspectives propose, but also as affective, taking into consideration interests, attitudes, and emotions; and as a social practice situated in cultural contexts. This book draws attention to the development of theory and its practical applications in museum situations such as aquariums, zoos, botanical gardens and historical re-enactment sites, among others.
This volume will be of interest to museum studies students, practitioners and researchers working in informal learning contexts, and will help them to reflect on what it means to learn in museums and create more effective environments for learning.
Jill Hohenstein is Senior Lecturer in Psychology in Education at the School of Education, Communication and Society, King's College London. Trained as a developmental psychologist, her research examines the ways that children and adults learn in informal settings, including museums, with a particular focus on language and cognitive development. Theano Moussouri is Senior Lecturer in Museum Studies at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. She previously worked in museums as an audience researcher. Her current research examines motivation and meaning-making in museum visitors and non-visitors; museum professionals' development and sharing of knowledge; and researcher-practitioner collaborative research.
Table of Contents Acknowledgements List of Contributors Chapter 1 Introduction References Chapter 2 Theory and Museum Practice What's in a theory? What are they good for? Where do they come from? Theories about learning Constructivism as an illustrated case References Chapter 3 The Importance of Methods and Methodology for Museum Practice Philosophical background to research Approaches to research Methods of research Trustworthiness and transferability Summary References Topic Chapters Chapter 4 Museums and the Making of Meaning Do Jews have a rule against gay or lesbian people? Introduction The basics of meaning making Meaning making in the museum A return to the Jewish Museum Contextualising meaning making References Chapter 5 Narrative, Discourse, and Matters of Communication Experiences on Room 41 Introduction The basics of discourse and narrative Narrative and the museum perspective Museum research drawing upon the visitor perspective A return to Room 41 Contextualising narrative, discourse, and communication References Chapter 6 Degrees of Authenticity in Museums Authentic nature play at the Chicago Botanic Garden Introduction The basics of authenticity Museums and the perception of authenticity Summary and reflections A return to the Learning Campus at CBG Contextualising authenticity References Chapter 7 Remembering, Reminding, and Reminiscing in Museums Build your own bush bark hut Introduction Basics of personal constructs of memory Basics of constructs about collective memory Museums and memory studies A return to the bush bark huts Contextualising memory References Chapter 8 The Role of Self and Identity in Learning The art of voicing Black women's identity as seen through everyday objects Introduction The basics of identity Self and identity in the museum context A return to the Colored Girls Museum Contextualising self and identity References Chapter 9 Motivation: From Visiting to Devotion Linking up museums and people through serious pursuits Introduction The basics of motivation Motivation in museums A return to the VIP programme Contextualising motivation References Chapter 10 Questioning culture and power in museums Aboriginal people and museums working together Introduction The basics of culture and power Culture and power in the museum context A return to museum-Aboriginal communities collaborations Contextualising culture and power References Chapter 11 Conclusions References Glossary Index