This volume provides an unparalleled exploration of ethics and museum practice, considering the controversies and debates which surround key issues such as provenance, ownership, cultural identity, environmental sustainability and social engagement. Using a variety of case studies which reflect the internal realities and daily activities of museums as they address these issues, from exhibition content and museum research to education, accountability and new technologies, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage enables a greater understanding of the role of museums as complex and multifaceted institutions of cultural production, identity-formation and heritage preservation.
Benefitting from ICOM's unique position in the museum world, this collection brings a global range of academics and professionals together to examine museums ethics from multiple perspectives. Providing a more complete picture of the diverse activities now carried out by museums, Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage will appeal to practitioners, academics and students alike.
Bernice L. Murphy is the former National Director, Museums Australia (Canberra), and Chair of the ICOM Ethics Committee from 2005-2011. She is also former Director of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (1984-2008). She served nine years (six as Vice-President) on the International Council of Museums Executive Council (1995-2004). She has published since the 1970s on exhibitions, art museums and contemporary art (including Indigenous art) and is the current editor of Museums Australia magazine.
Introductions: i ICOM Turns 70: Ethics and the Value Creation Role of Museums Hans-Martin Hinz ii The role of museums in the twenty-first century Anne Catherine Robert-Hauglustaine iii The Work of the ICOM Ethics Committee Martin Scharer iv Introduction Bernice L Murphy PART I: Museums and ethics, the ICOM Code, and evolving standards for museums' heritage care and social commitment 1 ICOM's present Code: ICOM Code of Ethics for Museums (2004) Geoffrey Lewis 2 Ethical Issues and Standards for Natural History Museums Eric Dorfman 3 Reversing the De-realisation of Natural and Social Phenomena: Ethical Issues for Museums in a Multidisciplinary Context Michel Van-Praet PART II: International Action on Protection of the World's Cultural Heritage and Biosphere 4 UNESCO's Actions and International Standards for Museums Mechtild Rossler, and Nao Hayashi 5 The UNESCO Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and Role in Society Francois Mairesse 6 Protecting Cultural Heritage at Risk: an International Public Service Mission for ICOM France Desmarais 7 Dances with Intellectual Property: Museums, Monetization and Digitization Rina Pantalony 8 Stolen and Illegally Exported Artifacts in Collections: Key Issues for Museums within a Legal Framework Marilyn Phelan 9 Advice and Support in the Recovery of Lost Art : The Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste Michael Franz PART III: Heritage Care and Ethics Through the Lens of Multiple Cultures and Regions 10 Unchanging Ethics in a Changing World Gary Edson 11 New Models of Shared Heritage and Collection Access: Museum Island and Humboldt Forum in Berlin Herman Parzinger 12 A Museum Triangle: Ethics, Standards of Care, and the Pleasure of Perception Dorota Folga- Januszewska 13 The Odyssey of Nature and Science Museums from Apollo to the Anthropocene Emlyn Koster 14 The Chinese Museum: Transformation and Change through Ethics Construction An Laishun 15 Ethics, Museology and Professional Training in Japan Eiji Mizushima PART IV: Provenance research, evolving issues and new directions across a changing landscape for collections 16 Advocating for International Collaborations: WWII-era Provenance Research in Museums Jane Milosch 17 `Definitely Stolen?': Why There Is No Alternative to Provenance Research in Archaeological Museums Markus Hilgert 18 Deaccessioning: some reflections Francois Mairesse 19 Ethics in a Changing Social Landscape: Community Engagement and Public Participation in Museums. Sally Yerkovitch 20 Conservation - How Ethics Work in Practice Stephanie de Roemer PART V: `Torn History', Reshaping an Integrated Heritage, and Repatriation Issues 21 Using the Past to Forge a Future: Challenges of Uniting a Nation against Skeletal Odds Bongani Ndhlovu 22 Exhibiting Contentious and Difficult Histories: Ethics, Emotions and Reflexivity Sharon Macdonald 23 Native America in the Twenty-First Century: Journeys in Cultural Governance and Museum Interpretation W. Richard West, Jr. 24 Afro-descendent Heritage and its Unacknowledged Legacy in Latin American Museum Representation Monica Gorgas 25 In Search of the Inclusive Museum Amareswar Galla PART VI: Case-Studies, Ethical Dilemmas and Ethics-in-Action 26 The Lombroso Museum in Turin: A Reflection on the Exhibition and Scientific Study of Human Remains Alberto Garlandini & Stefano Montaldo 27 The Auschwitz-Birkenow Museum and a Claim to Portraits of Holocaust Victims Made by Artist Dinah Gottliebova Babitt Vojtech Blodig 28 The Mask of Ka-nefer-nefer Regine Schulz 29 Ethics versus Law: The restitution of The Miracle of St Anthony by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo Aedin MacDevitt 30 Ethics in Action: Situational Scenarios Turning the Keys to the Code of Ethics Eva Maehre Lauritzen