Rouget de Lisle's famous anthem, La marseillaise, admirably reflects the confidence and enthusiasm of the early years of the French Revolution. But the effects on music of the Revolution and the events that followed it in France were more far-reaching than that. Hymns, chansons and even articles of the Constitution set to music in the form of vaudevilles all played their part in disseminating Revolutionary ideas and principles; music education was reorganized to compensate for the loss of courtly institutions and the weakened maitrises of cathedrals and churches. Opera, in particular, was profoundly affected, in both its organization and its subject matter, by the events of 1789 and the succeeding decade. The essays in this book, written by specialists in the period, deal with all these aspects of music in Revolutionary France, highlighting the composers and writers who played a major role in the changes that took place there. They also identify some of the traditions and genres that survived the Revolution, and look at the effects on music of Napoleon's invasion of Italy.
Editorial preface; Introduction: exploring the Revolution David Charlton; Part I. Elements of Continuity 'Royal Agamemnon': 1. the two versions of Gluck's Iphigenie en Aulide Julian Rushton; 2. Opera buffa into opera comique, 1771-1790 Michael Robinson; 3. Periodical editions of music at the time of the French Revolution Catherine Massip; 4. The French string quartet, 1770-1800 Philippe Oboussier; 5. Francois Giroust, a Versailles musician of the revolutionary period Roger Cotte; Part II. Revolutionary Opera: 6. The new repertory at the Opera during the Reign of Terror; 7. revolutionary rhetoric and operatic consequences Elizabeth Bartlet; 8. Lenore, ou L'amour conjugal: a celebrated offspring of the Revolution David Galliver; 9. On redefinitions of rescue opera David Charlton; Part III. Music and the New Politics: 10. The Conservatoire de Musique and national music education in France, 1795-1800 Cynthia M. Gessele; 11. French Revolutionary perspectives on Chabanon's De la musique of 1785 Ora Frishberg Saloman; 12. Marie-Joseph Chenier and Francois-Joseph Gossec: two artists in the service of Revolutionary propaganda Jean-Louis Jam; 13. The constitutions set to music during the Revolution Herbert Schneider; Part IV. Napoleon and After: 14. The French occupation of Lucca and its effects on music Gabriella Biagi Ravenni; 15. Beethoven and the Revolution; 16. The view of the French musical press Beate Angelika Kraus; Index.