This unique anthology assembles primary documents chronicling the development of the phonograph, film sound, and the radio. These three sound technologies shaped Americans' relation to music from the late nineteenth century until the end of the Second World War, by which time the technologies were thoroughly integrated into everyday life. There are more than 120 selections between the collection's first piece, an article on the phonograph written by Thomas Edison in 1878, and its last, a column advising listeners "desirous of gaining more from music as presented by the radio." Among the selections are articles from popular and trade publications, advertisements, fan letters, corporate records, fiction, and sheet music. Taken together, the selections capture how the new sound technologies were shaped by developments such as urbanization, the increasing value placed on leisure time, and the rise of the advertising industry. Most importantly, they depict the ways that the new sound technologies were received by real people in particular places and moments in time.
Timothy D. Taylor is Professor of Ethnomusicology and Musicology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of The Sounds of Capitalism: Advertising, Music, and the Conquest of Culture and Beyond Exoticism: Western Music and the World, which is also published by Duke University Press. Mark Katz is Associate Professor of Music at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He is the author of Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music and Groove Music: The Art and Culture of the Hip-Hop DJ. Tony Grajeda is Associate Professor of Cultural Studies in the Department of English at the University of Central Florida. He is an editor of Lowering the Boom: Critical Studies in Film Sound.
General Introduction: Music Technologies in Everyday Life / Timothy D. Taylor 1 Part 1. Sound Recording Introduction / Mark Katz 11 Sound Recording: Readings 29 Predictions 29 The Listener and the Phonograph 44 Learning to Listen 44 The Phonograph in Everyday Life 48 The Phonograph and Music Appreication 65 Men, Women, and Phonographs 70 Music and the Great War 78 Performers and the Phonograph 84 In the Recording Studio 84 The Phonograph and Music Pedagogy 94 The Phonograph and the Composer 104 The Composer in the Machine Age 104 The Phonograph as a Compositional Tool 110 Phonograph Debates 113 Con 113 Pro 126 Part II. Cinema Introduction / Tony Grajeda 137 Cinema: Readings 145 Technologies of Sight and Sound 145 Sounds of the Cinema: Illustrated Song Slides; The Role of the Voice (lecturers, actors); Incidental Musics, Special Effects, Ballyhoo, and Noise of the Audience 153 Playing to the Pictures 173 Performative Accompaniment 173 The Organist of the Picture Palace 192 Conducting and Scoring to the Movies 200 Taste, Culture, and Educating the Public 212 Responding to the Talkies 226 Part III. Radio Introduction / Timothy D. Taylor 239 Radio: Readings 255 Radio as Dream, Radio as Technology 255 Early Broadcasts: Performer and Listener Impressions 266 Radio in Everyday Life 275 Healing 279 Economics of Radio Broadcasting 285 Advertising 288 Music on the Radio 301 Con 301 Pro 305 What Do Listeners Want? 311 Crooning 316 Radio Behind the Scenes 324 Getting on the Air 324 Talent 340 Production behind the Scenes 344 Composing for the Radio 354 How to Listen to Music on the Radio 361 Notes 367 References 387 Index 399