The book series Nanomaterials for the Life Sciences, provides an in-depth overview of all nanomaterial types and their uses in the life sciences. Each volume is dedicated to a specific material class and covers fundamentals, synthesis and characterization strategies, structure-property relationships and biomedical applications. The series brings nanomaterials to the Life Scientists and life science to the Materials Scientists so that synergies are seen and developed to the fullest. Written by international experts of various facets of this exciting field of research, the series is aimed at scientists of the following disciplines: biology, chemistry, materials science, physics, bioengineering, and medicine, together with cell biology, biomedical engineering, pharmaceutical chemistry, and toxicology, both in academia and fundamental research as well as in pharmaceutical companies. VOLUME 8 - Nanocomposites
Challa Kumar is currently the Director of Nanofabrication & Nanomaterials at the Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devicees (CAMD), Baton Rouge, USA. He is also the President and CEO of Magnano Technologies, a company established to commercialize nanomaterials for applications in life sciences. His research interests are in developing novel synthetic methods, including those based on microfluidic reactors, for multifunctional nanomaterials. He has also been involved in the development of innovative therapeutic & diagnostic tools based on nanotechnology. He has eight years of industrial R&D experience working for Imperial Chemical Industries and United Breweries. He is the founding Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology, published by American Scientific Publishers and Series editor for the ten-volume book series, Nanotechnologies for the Life Sciences (NtLS), published by Wiley-VCH.
Preface TITANIUM DIOXIDE NANOCOMPOSITES Introduction Photocatalysis by TiO2 Nanoparticles, Nanocomposites and Nanoconjugates for Chemical Degradation and Antimicrobial Activity Use of TiO2 Nanoparticles, Nanocomposites and Nanoconjugates for Phosphopeptide Enrichment from Biological Materials In Vitro Uptake and Effects of Nanoscale TiO2 and Nanocomposites in Cells Use of Titania Oxide and Its Composites for Implants and Tissue Engineering Toxicology Studies of TiO2 Nanomaterials in Animals Conclusions CHITIN NANOCOMPOSITES FOR MEDICAL APPLICATIONS Introduction Chitosan/Chitin Nanocomposites Processing of Chitosan/Chitin Nanocomposites Biomedical Products from Chitosan/Chitin Nanocomposites The Path Forward SILVER NANOCOMPOSITES AND THEIR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Introduction to Silver Nanocomposites Preparation and Characterization of Silver Nanocomposites Biomedical Applications Biological Hazards of Silver Nanocomposites Perspectives GOLD NANOCOMPOSITE BIOSENSORS Introduction Electrochemical Biosensing and Transducing Features Modification Strategies of Gold Surfaces and Gold Nanoparticles with Biomolecules Synthesis and Properties of Gold Nanoparticles Composites and Nanocomposite Materials in Biosensors Rigid Conducting nanoAu-GECs for Improved Immobilization of the Bioreceptor in Genosensing Devices Other Approaches Based on Gold Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Biosensing Final Remarks QUANTUM DOT NANOCOMPOSITES Introduction Synthesis and Characterization of QDs Synthesis and Characterization of the Core-Shell QDs Quantum Dot-Based Metal Ion Fluorescent Sensors Quantum Dot-Based Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Quantum Dot-Based Nanohybrids Conclusions and Outlook GOLD-POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES FOR BIOIMAGING AND BIOSENSING Introduction Fabrication of Gold Nanocomposites Imaging and Labeling with Gold Nanocomposites Colorimetric Sensors Fluorometric Systems with Gold Nanocomposites Electrochemical Applications of Gold Nanoparticles and Their Composites Perspective DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS OF GENETICALLY ENGINEERED NANOCOMPOSITES Introduction Genetically Modifiable Biomacromolecules for the Design of Genetically Engineered Nanocomposites Nanocomposites Built from Genetically Engineered Biomacromolecules Applications of Genetically Engineered Nanocomposites Summary and Outlook MULTIFUNCTIONAL NANOCOMPOSITES FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Introduction Anatomy of Multifunctional Nanocomposites Types of Nanomaterial Multifunctionality Conclusions and Outlook NANOCOMPOSITES FOR DRUG DELIVERY Introduction Nanoparticle Composites for Drug Delivery Nanofiber Composites for Drug Delivery Two-Dimensional Mesoporous Material-Incorporated Nanocomposites Three-Dimensional Nanostructured Nanocomposites Hydrogel Nanocomposite Drug Carriers Summary and Outlook NANOCOMPOSITES FOR BONE TISSUE ENGINEERING Introduction Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Materials Processing Methods/Routes for Nanocomposites in Bone Tissue Engineering Biocompatibility Bioactivity Engineering the Bone-Cartilage/Bone-Ligament Interface Interfacial Interactions in Nanocomposites for Bone Tissue Engineering Summary and Conclusions NANOCOMPOSITES FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING Introduction Biological Nanocomposites Organic-Organic Nanocomposites Inorganic-Inorganic Nanocomposites Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposites Nanocomposites Containing Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Summary and Outlook