Nanostructured Polymer Membranes: Volume 2 - Applications

Nanostructured Polymer Membranes: Volume 2 - Applications

By: Long Yu (author), Visakh P. M. (editor), Olga Nazarenko (editor)Hardback

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Description

The 2nd volume on applications with discuss the various aspects of state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for gas and vapor separation of polymer membranes, membranes for wastewater treatment, polymer electrolyte membranes and methanol fuel cells, polymer membranes for water desalination, optical, electrochemical and anion/polyanion sensors, polymeric pervaporation membranes, organic-organic separation, biopolymer electrolytes for energy devices, carbon nanoparticles for pervaporation polymeric membranes, and mixed matrix membranes for nanofiltration application.

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About Author

Visakh P.M. is working as post doc. researcher at Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia. He obtained his PhD, MPhil and MSc degrees from the School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India. He has edited 15 books for a variety of international publishers and has been a visiting researcher in many countries since 2011. His research interests include polymer nanocomposites, bio-nanocomposites and rubber based nanocomposites, fire retardant polymers, liquid crystalline polymers and silicon sensors. Olga Nazarenko obtained her PhD in Technical Sciences from Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia where she is now a Professor in the Ecology and Basic Safety Department. In 2007 she obtained her DSc. in Processes and Apparatus of Chemical Technology. She has 170 publications, 3 books and 8 textbooks and 7 patents to her credit.

Contents

Preface xvii 1 Nanostructured Polymer Membranes: Applications, State-of-the-Art, New Challenges and Opportunities 1 Visakh. P. M 1.1 Membranes: Technology and Applications 1 1.2 Polymer Membranes: Gas and Vapor Separation 3 1.3 Membranes for Wastewater Treatment 4 1.4 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Methanol Fuel Cell 5 1.5 Polymer Membranes for Water Desalination and Treatment 6 1.6 Biopolymer Electrolytes for Energy Devices 7 1.7 Phosphoric Acid-Doped Polybenzimidazole Membranes 9 1.8 Natural Nanofibers in Polymer Membranes for Energy Applications 10 1.9 Potential of Carbon Nanoparticles for Pervaporation Polymeric Membranes 14 1.10 Mixed Matrix Membranes for Nanofiltration Application 16 1.11 Fundamentals, Applications and Future Prospects of Nanofiltration Membrane Technique 18 References 19 2 Membranes: Technology and Applications 27 Yang Liu and Guibin Wang 2.1 Introduction 27 2.2 Reverse Osmosis Process 37 2.3 Ultrafiltration Process 50 2.4 Pervaporation Process 59 2.5 Microfiltration Process 65 2.6 Coupled and Facilitated Transport 69 References 84 3 Polymeric Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separations 89 Seyed Saeid Hosseini and Sara Najari 3.1 Introduction 89 3.2 Significance and Prominent Industrial Applications 91 3.3 Fundamentals and Transport of Gases in Polymeric Membranes 100 3.4 Polymeric Membrane Materials for Gas and Vapor Separations 112 3.5 Strategies for Tuning the Transport in Polymeric Membranes through Molecular Design and Architecture 128 3.6 Process Modeling and Simulation 132 3.7 Challenges and Future Directions 141 3.8 Concluding Remarks 144 References 144 4 Membranes for Wastewater Treatment 159 Alireza Zirehpour and Ahmad Rahimpour 4.1 Introduction 160 4.2 Membrane Theory 161 4.3 Membrane Separation Techniques in Industry 168 4.4 Membrane Operations in Wastewater Management 178 4.5 Existing Membrane Processes 185 4.6 Industrial Development of Membrane Modules 194 4.7 Conclusion 198 References 198 5 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane and Methanol Fuel Cell 209 Kilsung Kwon and Daejoong Kim 5.1 Introduction 209 5.2 Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) 212 5.3 Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs) 228 5.4 Principle and Working Process of PEMFCs 232 5.5 Principle and Working Process of DMFCs 236 5.6 Modeling and Theory of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells 241 5.7 Conclusion 243 References 243 6 Polymer Membranes for Water Desalination and Treatment 251 Tania L. S. Silva, Sergio Morales-Torres, Jose L. Figueiredo and Adrian M. T. Silva 6.1 Introduction 252 6.2 Polymer Membranes Used in Distillation 253 6.3 Membrane Distillation 256 6.4 Desalination Driven by MD Systems 265 6.5 MD Hybrid Systems for Water Desalination and Treatment 272 6.6 Conclusions 275 Acknowledgments 275 References 276 7 Polymeric Pervaporation Membranes: Organic-Organic Separation 287 Francesco Galiano, Francesco Falbo and Alberto Figoli 7.1 General Introduction on Pervaporation 287 7.2 Brief History of Pervaporation 290 7.3 Polymeric Materials for Organic-Organic Separation General Requirements 291 7.4 Pervaporation Case Studies for Organic-Organic Separation 298 7.5 Conclusions and Future Directions 303 References 303 8 Biopolymer Electrolytes for Energy Devices 311 Tan Winie1 and A. K. Arof 8.1 Introduction 312 8.2 Chitosan-Based Electrolyte Membranes 312 8.3 Methyl Cellulose-based Electrolyte Membranes 315 8.4 Biopolymer Electrolytes in Lithium Polymer Batteries 317 8.5 Biopolymer Electrolytes in Supercapacitors 322 8.6 Polymer Electrolytes in Fuel Cells 328 8.7 Biopolymer Electrolytes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) 332 8.8 Conclusions 344 Acknowledgments 346 References 346 9 Phosphoric Acid-Doped Polybenzimidazole Membranes: A Promising Electrolyte Membrane for High Temperature PEMFC 357 S. R. Dhanushkodi, M. W.Fowler, M. D. Pritzker and W. Merida 9.1 Introduction 357 9.2 Synthesis of PBI 362 9.3 Characterization of PBI 363 9.4 Research Needs and Conclusions 370 Table of Abbreviations 373 References 374 10 Natural Nanofibers in Polymer Membranes for Energy Applications 379 Annalisa Chiappone 10.1 Introduction 379 10.2 Natural Fibers 380 10.2.1 Cellulose and Chitin Structures 381 10.3 Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes Based on Natural Fibers: Production, Properties and General Applications 386 10.4 Applications of Natural Fibers Nanocomposite Membranes in the Energy Field 393 10.5 Conclusions 402 References 403 11 Potential Interests of Carbon Nanoparticles for Pervaporation Polymeric Membranes 413 Anastasia V. Penkova and Denis Roizard 11.1 Introduction 413 11.2 Principle of Permeation 415 11.3 Current Requirements for Pervaporation Membranes 418 11.4 Performances of Nanocomposite Membranes: From Membrane Preparations to Enhanced Properties with Carbon Nanoparticles 420 11.5 Impact of the Insertion of Carbon Particles in Pervaporation Membranes 422 11.6 Pervaporation Membranes 423 11.7 Pervaporation with the Use of MMM Containing Pristine Carbon Particles 424 11.8 Pervaporation with the Use of MMM Containing Functionalized Carbon Particles 427 11.9 Conclusion 434 Acknowledgment 435 References 435 12 Mixed Matrix Membranes for Nanofiltraion Application 441 Vahid Vatanpour, Mahdie Safarpour and Alireza Khataee 12.1 Introduction 442 12.2 Nanofiltration Process: History and Principles 443 12.3 Mixed Matrix Nanofiltration Membranes 444 12.4 Applications of Mixed Matrix Nanofiltration Membranes 468 12.5 Conclusion 469 Acknowledgment 470 List of Abbreviations 470 References 471 13 Fundamentals, Applications and Future Prospects of Nanofiltration Membrane Technique 477 Siddhartha Moulik, Shaik Nazia and S. Sridhar 13.1 Introduction 478 13.2 Membrane Synthesis 483 13.3 Membrane Characterization 485 13.4 Equations for Calculation of Operating Parameters 487 13.5 Effect of Feed Pressure on Process Flux 488 13.6 Optimization of NF Process Using Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD) 490 13.7 Applications of NF in Societal Development and Industrial Progress 501 13.8 Economics of NF Process for Groundwater Purification 510 13.9 Conclusions 514 References 515 Index 519

Product Details

  • publication date: 07/10/2016
  • ISBN13: 9781118831786
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 560
  • ID: 9781118831786
  • weight: 890
  • ISBN10: 1118831780

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