W. D. Hamilton (1936-2000) has been described by Richard Dawkins as 'a good candidate for the title of most distinguished Darwinian since Darwin'. His work on evolutionary biology continues to influence scientists working across a wide variety of disciplines, including evolution, population genetics, animal behaviour, genetics, anthropology, and ecology. This third and final volume of Narrow Roads of Gene Land contains Hamilton's key papers published between 1990 and 2000, a period in which he covered a great diversity of topics, often in collaboration with other scientists. Many of the papers in this volume continue his work on sex, and particularly its relation to parasitic disease, but other topics covered include the Gaia theory, the colours of autumn leaves, and the still-controversial hypothesis that the AIDS pandemic accidentally originated in a polio vaccination campaign in Africa.
Each of the co-authored papers in this volume is preceded by an introduction written by one of Hamilton's co-authors, following the model of the previous two volumes in this series, which brings the reader closer to Hamilton's extraordinary personality and intellect, providing the intellectual and physical contexts within which each piece of research was developed. Also included are a chapter by Jeremy Leighton John on the Hamilton archive - 'Bill's last great work' - complete with irresistible pictures, and Alan Grafen's biographical memoir, which presents an overview of Bill's life and work. Together, this unique collection of papers with their biographical introductions provides a profound portrait of one of the twentieth century's most innovative scientists.
W. D. Hamilton (1936-2000) was a Royal Society Research Professor in the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford. He is known throughout the world for his work on social evolution and sexual selection. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr Mark Ridley is a Lecturer in the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford.
Editorial Preface ; List of contributors ; 1. Oku no Hosomichi: Roads to Hamilton's 'Wrightian' digital parasites in Geneland ; Genetic algorithms and learning ; Both Wrightian and 'parasite' peak shifts enhance genetic algorithm performance in the travelling salesman problem ; 2. Manipulating microbe proceedings: Cytoplasmic bacteria that cause parthenogenesis ; Antibiotics cause parthenogenetic Trichogramma (Hymenoptera/Trichogrammatidae) to revert to sex ; 3. My intended burial and why ; 4. Sex, sexes, and selfish elements ; Cytoplasmic fusion and the nature of sexes ; Covert sex ; 5. Recurrent viruses and theories of sex ; 6. Further homage to Santa Rosalia: Discovery at last of the elusive females of a species of Myrmecolacidae ; More covert sex: the elusive females of Myrmecolacidae. ; Exotic pests and parasites ; 7. Haploid dynamic polymorphism in a host with matching parasites: effects of mutation/subdivision, linkage, and patterns of selection ; 8. Inbreeding in Egypt and in this book: a childish perspective. ; 9. On first looking into a British Treasure (50 years and 80 volumes of New Naturalist Books) ; 10. How to catch the Red Queen? ; Sex against virulence: the coevolution of parasitic diseases ; 11. Between Shoreham and Downe: seeking the key to natural beauty ; 12. Born slave to the Red Queen ; 13. Foreword to S. Turilazzi & M. J. West-Eberhard (eds.), 'Natural history and evolution of paper wasps' ; 14. Bill Hamilton's involvement with the OPV theory: 'medical science's most hated hypothesis' ; 1959 Manchester case of syndrome resembling AIDS ; Foreword to Edward Hooper, 'The River' ; 15. Hamilton and Gaia ; Ecology in the large: Gaia and Genghis Khan ; Spora and Gaia: how microbes fly with their clouds ; Is DSMP synthesis in Chlorophycean macro-algae linked to aerial dispersal? ; 16. Life, evolution, and development in the Amazonian floodplain ; Evolution and diversity in Amazonian floodplain communities. ; 17. A view from Mars ; Autumn tree colours as a handicap signal ; 18. Tomato attractors on the wall of an abandoned church ; Clone mixtures and a pacemaker: new facets of Red-Queen theory and ecology. ; 19. Because topics often fade: letters, essays, notes, digital manuscripts, and other unpublished works ; 20. W. D. Hamilton. ; Index