This book investigates the role and influence of Egyptian leadership upon foreign policy decisions by utilizing the decision-making approach. It examines two foreign policy decisions formulated by Presidents Nasser and Sadat in January 1970 and July 1972 respectively. In essence, this study endeavors to accomplish three objectives. First, it reconstructs the decision-making activities that culminated in the two decisions, so as to promote our comprehension about Egyptian foreign policy making activities that culminated in the two decisions. Second, by presenting a research framework, it seeks to shed light on the decision-making process in other developing countries. Last, it examines the causal role of the operational code beliefs as well as the psychohistorical approach to the analysis of leadership to explain decisional outcome. Contents: Acknowledgments; Introduction; Foreign Policy-Making and Leadership; Foreign Policy in the Developing World: A Review of Past Studies; A Research Framework for Foreign Policy-Making in Egypt; The Invitation and the Expulsion; Nasser and Sadat: Personal Portraits; The Research Framework and the Soviet Expulsion; Toward a Better Understanding of Foreign Policy in the Developing World; Appendices; Bibliography; Index.