The term 'nation-building' has experienced a remarkable renaissance since the early 1990s. It has been used to describe and to justify the military interventions in Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq. Linked to the idea of 'failed' or 'failing' states, the concept is used to hide and legitimise a whole range of diverse policies, allowing foreign powers to control and reshape countries in areas of conflict.
Currently the international debate on nation building is heavily dominated by US actors and authors, especially by writers connected to the Bush administration or its policies. This book presents academic and political alternatives, presenting a critical view from 'Old Europe'.
The book combines academic research and analysis with policy orientation, with contributors from both fields. It clarifies the terminology distinguishing developmental, peace-related, imperial and analytical approaches to nation-building. Highlighting its connections to globalization, democracy, ethnic and religious minorities, the contributors consider case studies such as Somalia, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria.
Jochen Hippler is a political scientist and peace researcher based at the University of Duisburg-Essen. He is the former Director of the Transnational Institute (TNI) in Amsterdam, and author of Nation-Building (Pluto, 2005) and The Next Threat (Pluto, 1995).
List of Abbreviations Preface Part I: Concepts and Theoretical Analyses of Nation-Building 1. Violent Conflicts, Conflict Prevention and Nation-Building - Terminology and Political Concepts by Jochen Hippler 2. Globalisation and Nation-Building - Not a Contradiction in Terms by Rainer Tetzlaff 3. Democratisation and Nation-Building in `Divided Societies' by Joanna Pfaff-Czarnecka 4. Shaping the Nation - Ideological Aspects of Nation-Building by Claudia Derichs Part II: Case Studies 5. Deconstruction of States as an Opportunity for New Statism? Example of Somalia and Somaliland by Wolfgang Heinrich / Manfred Kulessa 6. Afghanistan: Nation-Building in the Shadow of the Warlords and the `War on Terror' by Rangin Dadfar Spanta 7. Nation-building by Occupation? - The Case of Iraq by Jochen Hippler 8. Between Self-Determination and Multi-Ethnicity - International Actors and Nation-Building in Bosnia and Kosovo by Du an Relji 9. Nigeria: The Oil State and the Crisis of Nation-Building in Africa by Cyril I. Obi Part III: Nation-Building in Political Practice 10. Between Projectitis and the Formation of Countervailing Power - NGOs in Nation-Building Processes by Jeanette Schade 11. External Nation-Building vs. Endogenous Nation-Forming - A Development Policy Perspective by Ulrike Hopp / Adolf Kloke-Lesch 12. Nation-Building: A Strategy for Regional Stabilisation and Conflict Prevention by Helmut van Edig 13. Nation-Building: Possibilities and Limitations of External Military Contributions by Heinz-Uwe Schafer 14. Nation-States for Export? Nation-Building Between Military Intervention, Crisis Prevention and Development Policy by Jochen Hippler Notes on the Contributors Index