Bulgaria has faced previously unimaginable pressures over the last two decades, as it struggles to adapt to a post-communist landscape and to reform both state and society in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, while facing the challenge of increased efforts by NATO and the EU to expand into this region. In Negotiating Diplomacy in the New Europe, Stefanos Katsikas sheds new light on the mechanisms and factors which have influenced the making and shaping of Bulgarian foreign policy, examining the extent to which both domestic factors and the international environment have affected its trajectory. Rich in primary sources, including personal interviews with key protagonists, Katsikas offers invaluable analysis for researchers of Europe's post-communist international relations, as well as those interested in the processes of democratization and those of foreign policy formation.
Stefanos Katsikas is Lecturer in the Department of History at Goldsmiths, University of London. He holds a PhD in International Relations from the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, and is the editor of 'Bulgaria and Europe: Shifting Identities' (2010).
Transliteration of the Bulgarian alphabet in English Acknowledgements Abbreviations Introduction Post-Cold War Era, `New Europe' and Bulgarian Diplomacy `New Europe' as a Concept Bulgarian Foreign Policy in the `New Europe' Relations with Russia Regime Change and Bulgarian Diplomacy The Structure of the Book Chapter I (Foreign Policy in the 1980s) Ideological Principles of Foreign Policy Foreign Policy Mechanisms Relations with States from Outside the Region Bulgaria's Relations with the USSR Bulgaria's Relations with the West Relations with Pro-Soviet States of the Third World Bulgaria's Relations in the Balkans Efforts at Multilateral Cooperation Bilateral Relations a. Intra-bloc Regional Issues b.Nationalism 1.Bulgarian Turks 2.Bulgarian Macedonians c.Territorial Issues d.Economic Issues Conclusion Chapter II (From a People's to a Liberal Democracy) Introduction Foreign Policy Mechanisms Constitutional Anomalies The Role of Personality in Foreign Policy Making The Presidencies of Pet?r Stoianov and Georgi P?rvanov Foreign Policy Agendas of the Bulgarian Political Parties Foreign Policy Agenda of the BSP Foreign Policy Agenda of the UDF Foreign Policy Agenda of the NMSII/NMSP Foreign Policy Agenda of he CEDB Foreign Policy Agenda of the Ataka Independent Research Policy Institutes Evolution of Think-tanks in Bulgaria Minorities and Foreign Policy Making The Foreign Policy Agenda of the MRF Other Minorities 1. Foreign Policy Agenda of the IMRO 2. Foreign Policy Agenda of UMO-Ilinden Public Opinion and Foreign Policy Making Conclusion Chapter III (EU Accession and Bulgarian Foreign Policy Making) Introduction From Westernization to `Europeanization' Bulgaria's Accession to the EU The Association Agreement of December 1992 Bulgaria's Candidacy for EU Membership In Search for an EU Patron State The B?lgarski Velikden Initiative International Events against EU Accession Process Post-Communist Europeanization and Foreign Policy Mechanisms Democratic Conditionality Foreign Policy Mechanisms The Role of the Foreign Policy Constitutional Actors The President of the Republic The Ministry of Foreign Affairs The Council of European Integration The Chief Negotiator for EU Affairs The Ministry of European Affairs The Coordination Council The Core Negotiations Team The National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria The Role of Non-party Actors in Foreign Policy Making Conclusion Chapter IV (EU Accession Process and Bulgaria's Foreign Relations) Introduction Relations with International Organisations Bulgaria's Relations with NATO Bulgaria's Relations with the IMF Democratic Conditionality and Inter-state Relations Relations with Developing States in Africa, the Middle East and Latin America Bulgaria's Relations with the USA Bulgaria's Relations with the Russian Federation Conclusion Chapter V (Accession to the Euro-Atlantic Structures and Bulgaria's Balkan Policy (-ies)) Introduction Post-Cold War Balkan Policy Reasons for Sofia's Post-Cold War Balkan Policy Post-1989 Security Vacuum and Bulgarian Balkan Policy Post-1989 Territorial Policy towards its Balkans Bulgaria's Minority Policies Sofia's Diplomatic Activity Since 1989 Conclusion Concluding Chapter Bibliography Appendix