Neutrinos in High Energy and Astroparticle Physics

Neutrinos in High Energy and Astroparticle Physics

By: J. W. F. Valle (author), Jorge C. Romao (author)Paperback

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Description

This self-contained modern textbook provides a modern description of the Standard Model and its main extensions from the perspective of neutrino physics. In particular it includes a thorough discussion of the varieties of seesaw mechanism, with or without supersymmetry. It also discusses schemes where neutrino mass arises from lighter messengers, which might lie within reach of the world's largest particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider. Throughout the text, the book stresses the role of neutrinos due to the fact that neutrino properties may serve as a guide to the correct model of unification, hence for a deeper understanding of high energy physics, and because neutrinos play an important role in astroparticle physics and cosmology. Each chapter includes summaries and set of problems, as well as further reading.

About Author

Prof. J. W. F. Valle is the head of the AHEP group at the Institut de Fisica Corpuscular (IFIC/CSIC) at the University of Valencia, Spain. Having obtained is PhD degree at Syracuse University, USA, he spent time in Oxford, and Barcelona before joining IFIC at the University of Valencia. For over 30 years Professor Jose Valle has been active in neutrino physics & physics beyond the Standard Model of elementary particle interactions. He has authored almost 300 scientific publications, and has received several scientific awards, including the Humboldt Research Award. Prof. Jorge C. Romao is full Professor at the Physics Department of Instituto Superior Tecnico, the faculty of Engineering of the Lisbon Technical University, Portugal. Having obtained is PhD at the University of Chicago, USA, he spent time at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, before joining Instituto Superior Tecnico in Lisbon. At Instituto Superior Tecnico he has had many administrative duties, including chairman of the Department. Professor Jorge Romao has authored over 100 scientific publications with a significant impact in the field.

Contents

Foreword XIX Preface XXI 1 Historical Introduction 1 2 The Standard Model 9 2.1 Introduction 9 2.2 Standard Electroweak Model 9 2.3 Spontaneous Symmetry-Breaking: Mass Generation 13 2.4 Quantization in the Standard Model 17 2.5 Renormalization in the Standard Model 19 2.6 Anomalies 21 2.7 Quantum Chromodynamics 24 2.8 Higgs Boson and Unitarity in the Standard Model 25 2.9 Theory Considerations on the Higgs Boson Mass 27 2.10 Experimental Tests of the Standard Model 30 2.11 Open Issues in the Standard Model 32 2.12 Summary 38 2.13 Problems for Chapter 2 39 3 Neutrino Masses and Mixing 41 3.1 Two-Component Formalism 41 3.2 Quantization of Majorana and Dirac Fermions 43 3.3 The Lepton Mixing Matrix 45 3.4 The Neutrino Neutral Current in Seesaw-Type Schemes 50 3.5 CP Properties of Majorana Fermions 50 3.6 Summary 54 3.7 Problems for Chapter 3 54 4 Neutrino Oscillations 57 4.1 Preliminaries 57 4.2 Neutrino Oscillations Formalism In Vacuo 57 4.3 Matter Effects in Neutrino Oscillations 62 4.4 Neutrino Oscillation Data 65 4.5 Global Neutrino Oscillation Analysis 76 4.6 Global Fit Results for Neutrino Oscillation Parameters 77 4.7 Summary and Outlook 80 4.8 Problems for Chapter 4 83 5 Robustness of Oscillations: The Case of Solar Neutrinos 87 5.1 Theoretical Preliminaries: Beyond the Standard Model 88 5.2 Beyond the Standard Solar Model 91 5.3 Oscillations with Spin-Flavour Precession 94 5.4 Constraining Neutrino Magnetic Moments 97 5.5 Summary 100 5.6 Problems for Chapter 5 100 6 Absolute Neutrino Masses 103 6.1 Preliminaries 103 6.2 Beta-Decay and Direct Searches for Neutrino Mass 103 6.3 Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay 110 6.4 Light-Neutrino Exchange 0 Mechanism 112 6.5 Experimental Prospects in the Search for 0 115 6.6 Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay in Flavour Models 115 6.7 Short-Range Contributions to 0 Decay and the Weak Interaction Scale 117 6.8 Black Box and the Significance of 0 120 6.9 Summary 121 6.10 Problems for Chapter 6 121 7 Neutrino Masses in SU(3)c SU(2)L U(1) Theories 123 7.1 Preliminaries: The Origin of Neutrino Mass 123 7.2 Effective Seesaw Mechanism: Explicit Lepton Number Violation 125 7.3 Seesaw Dynamics in SU(3)c SU(2)L U(1)Y and the Majoron 127 7.4 Summary 134 7.5 Problems for Chapter 7 134 8 Higgs Boson Physics and Neutrinos 135 8.1 Higgs Production in the Standard Model 135 8.2 Higgs Decays in the Standard Model 142 8.3 Higgs Physics in Models with Low-Scale Lepton Number Violation 147 8.4 Summary 150 8.5 Problems for Chapter 8 151 9 Supersymmetry 153 9.1 Introduction and Motivation 153 9.2 Supersymmetry Algebra and Representations 155 9.3 How to Build a Supersymmetric Model 158 9.4 The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model 162 9.5 Mass Matrices in the MSSM 168 9.6 Couplings in the MSSM 176 9.7 Coupling Constant Unification 179 9.8 Experimental Constraints on the MSSM 180 9.9 Summary 180 9.10 Problems for Chapter 9 182 10 Spontaneous R-Parity Violation 183 10.1 Introduction 183 10.2 A Viable Spontaneous R-Parity-Breaking Model 184 10.3 Symmetry-Breaking 186 10.4 Main Features of the Model 189 10.5 Implications for the Electroweak Breaking Sector 192 10.6 Summary 197 10.7 Problems for Chapter 10 198 11 Bilinear R-Parity Violation 199 11.1 The Model 199 11.2 The Scalar Potential 200 11.3 Mass Matrices in the BRpVModel 201 11.4 Couplings in the BRpV Model 203 11.5 Neutrino Masses and Mixings in the BRpV Model 205 11.6 Neutrino Properties and BRpV Parameters 208 11.7 Approximate Formulae for the Neutrino Masses and Mixings 211 11.8 Summary 219 11.9 Problems for Chapter 11 219 12 Phenomenology of Bilinear R-Parity Violation 221 12.1 LSP Production 221 12.2 LSP Decays 223 12.3 Probing Neutrino Mixing via Neutralino Decays 226 12.4 Other LSP Scenarios 230 12.5 Summary 234 12.6 Problems for Chapter 12 234 13 Neutrino Masses and Left Right Symmetry 237 13.1 Preliminaries: SU(3)c SU(2)L SU(2)R U(1) Symmetry 237 13.2 'Standard' SU(3)c SU(2)L SU(2)R U(1) Symmetric Seesaw 239 13.3 Low-Scale SU(3)c SU(2)L SU(2)R U(1) Seesaw Mechanisms 241 13.4 Experimental Constraints 242 13.5 Direct Searches for the Messengers of Neutrino Mass 243 13.6 Summary 246 13.7 Problems for Chapter 13 247 14 Neutrino Masses and Unification 249 14.1 Preliminaries: Unification in SU(5) 249 14.2 Neutrinos in SU(5) 252 14.3 Neutrinos in SO(10) 254 14.4 Low-Scales in SO(10)Models: Intermediate Gauge Symmetries 256 14.5 Neutrino Seesaw in Low-Scale SO(10) model 259 14.6 Non Supersymmetric Low-Scale Models 263 14.7 Summary 263 14.8 Problems for Chapter 14 264 15 Lepton Flavour Violation 265 15.1 Charged Lepton Flavour Violation 265 15.2 Models for Charged Lepton Flavour Violation 269 15.3 Summary and Prospects 281 15.4 Problems for Chapter 15 281 16 The Flavour Problem and the Quest for Family Symmetry 283 16.1 Preliminaries 283 16.2 Reference Neutrino Mixing Patterns 285 16.3 Prototype Flavour Model with Tetrahedral Symmetry 289 16.4 Revamped A4 Flavour Model: Generating 13 293 16.5 Fermion Masses in a Realistic A4-Based Standard Model 296 16.6 Quarks, Non-Abelian Discrete Flavour Symmetries and Unification 302 16.7 Summary and Prospects 303 16.8 Problems for Chapter 16 304 17 Cosmological Implications of Neutrino Masses 307 17.1 The very Beginning: Inflation and Primordial Density Perturbations 307 17.2 The Cosmic Microwave Background 309 17.3 Neutrino Cosmology for Pedestrians 310 17.4 Dark Matter in the Universe 315 17.5 Dark Matter Detection 320 17.6 Neutrino Mass Generation and Dark Matter Candidates 323 17.7 Summary 339 17.8 Problems for Chapter 17 340 A Notation and Conventions 341 A.1 Special Relativity and Dirac Matrices 341 A.2 Two-Component Spinor Notation 342 A.3 Relating Two-Component and Four-Component Spinors 344 B Feynman Rules for Majorana Fermions 347 B.1 Feynman Rules 347 B.1.1 External Fermions 348 B.2 A Simple Example 352 C Feynman Rules for the Standard Model 355 C.1 Introduction 355 C.2 The Complete Standard Model Lagrangian 355 C.3 The Feynman Rules for QCD 358 C.4 The Feynman Rules for the Electroweak Theory 359 D Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model Couplings 373 D.1 Charged Current Couplings 373 D.2 Neutral Current Couplings 374 D.3 Scalar Couplings to Fermions 374 E The Prototype Flavour Group: A4 377 F Mass Matrices and Couplings in the BRpVModel 381 F.1 Mass Matrices 381 F.2 Couplings 386 G Feynman Diagrams for Dark Matter Annihilation 391 References 393 Acknowledgments for the Figures 419 Index 421

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9783527411979
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 448
  • ID: 9783527411979
  • weight: 966
  • ISBN10: 3527411976

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