'There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountain tops of our desires.'
After twenty-seven years in prison, Nelson Mandela finally walked free in February 1990. This collection of his articles, speeches, letters from underground, and the transcripts from his trials vividly demonstrates the charisma and determination of a towering figure in the struggle for racial equality in South Africa. Now in a new edition, No Easy Walk to Freedom is both a vital historical document and a chronicle of the life and thoughts of one of the greatest campaigners for freedom the world has known.
Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 to one of the royal families of the Transkei, the eldest son of a Temba chief. He studied at the University of Fort Hare until he was expelled for participating in a student protest. He became a leading member of the ANC until 1963, when he was arrested, tried and sentenced to life imprisonment. He spent the next eighteen years in the maximum-security prison for political prisoners on Robben Island, and was later moved to Pollsmoor Prison. During his incarceration he became a potent symbol for the anti-apartheid movement, and in response to increasing domestic and international pressure was finally freed on 11 February 1990. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, and in 1994 was elected president of South Africa in its first multiracial elections. He led the country until 1999. Mandela died in December, 2013.
Part 1 Streams of African nationalism: no easy walk to freedom; the shifting sands of illusion. Part 2 Living under Apartheid: people are destroyed; land hunger; the doors are barred. Part 3 The fight against Apartheid - our tactics and theirs: freedom in our lifetime; our struggle needs many tactics; Verwoerd's tribalism; a charge of treason. Part 4 Resistance from underground: the struggle for a national convention; general strike; letter from underground; a land ruled by the gun. Part 5 On trial: black man in a white man's court; the Rivonia trial.