From the utilization of textile waste to the high-tech product - this is how modern nonwovens can best described. Web formation and web bonding processes have recently being enhanced. Nowadays, fibres, granulates, binder and finishing agents are used. This development entails a wider range of applications in the fields of hygiene, medicine, the garment-producing and building industries, interior design as well as further technical uses. This book provides comprehensive information about nonwovens, from the raw material fibres via the manufacturing processes to finishing and to the ready-made product. Nonwoven characteristics and the fields of application are discussed in detail as well as the processes available to test the raw materials, the intermediate and the final products. This book will be the standard reference on nonwovens in the years to come!
Introduction to Nonwovens.PART I: RAW MATERIALS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NONWOVENS.Fibrous Materials.Other Raw Materials.Binders.PART II: PROCESSES TO MANUFACTURE NONWOVENS.Dry-law Process.Wet Lay Method.Web Bonding.PART III: FINISHING NONWOVENS.Mechanical Finishing.Chemical Finishing.PART IV: PECULIARITIES WITH REGARD TO READY-MAKING NONWOVENS.The Making Up of Finished Products.PART V: CHARACTERISTICS AND APPLICATION OF NONWOVENS.Nonwovens for Hygiene.The Use of Nonwovens in Medicine - Safety Aspects.Nonwovens for Cleaning and Household Products.Nonwovens for Home Textiles.Nonwovens for Apparel.Nonwovens for Technical Applications.Re-utilization of Nonwovens.PART VI: REGULATIONS TO BE OBSERVED AND PROCESSES TO TEST RAW MATERIALS AND NONWOVEN PRODUCTS.General Priciples.Testing Processes.Quality Surveillance Systems and Quality Assurance Systems.Coming Development in Nonwovens Industry.Index of Names, Companies, Organizations, and Products.Subject Index.