Normative Theories of Society and Government in Five Medieval Thinkers: St. Augustine, John of Salisbury, Giles of Rome, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Marsi

Normative Theories of Society and Government in Five Medieval Thinkers: St. Augustine, John of Salisbury, Giles of Rome, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Marsi

By: R. W. Dyson (author)Hardback

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Description

This book is a detailed examination of five major mediaeval thinkers who sought to bring out the implications, for social and political life and organizations, of the doctrines, thought-patterns and language of Christianity, and to define the role of the institutional Church in that life and organization. At the heart of their thought lies a large and pervasive question: is unaided human nature capable of genuinely moral activity, and hence of constructive political association? The study takes due account of biographical information, and an understanding of the cultural, historical and political circumstances in relation to which the chosen authors perceived their enterprise. It examines the development of the "ideology" of the mediaeval Church with particular reference to three things: the emergence and career of the "Augustinian/Gelasian principle"; the contribution of Pope Gregory VII and the immediate and long-term issues underlying that contribution; and the decisive conflict at the turn of the 12th and 13th centuries between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV of France. The book closes with a postscript which describes some of the developments that have transformed the agenda of political theory from "mediaeval" to "modern".

Contents

The political theology of St. Augustine of Hippo; the mediaeval political dilemma - Gelasius I to Gregory VII; the church and the "body politic" - the "policraticus" of John of Salisbury; the political theory of papal monarchy - Giles of Rome's "De ecclesiastica potestate"; St. Thomas Aquinas - Aristotelianism and the redemption of politics; Marsilius of Padua - "Defensor pacis" and the undermining of papal monarchy; from Anagni to Basle - the "Conciliar movement" and the end of "Plenitudo potestatis"; appendices.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780773467026
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 332
  • ID: 9780773467026
  • ISBN10: 0773467025

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