The Tortugas shipwreck excavated at a depth of 405 meters in the Straits of Florida contained a major collection of 3,800 intact and fragmentary olive jars, tablewares, cooking vessels and tobacco pipes. Identified as the Portuguese-built and Spanish-operated 117-ton Buen Jesus y Nuestra Senora del Rosario, the ship's Seville dominated tablewares are a revealing index of unchanged cultural tastes and continued production at the end of Spain's Golden Age. For cooking the crew relied on Afro-Caribbean colonoware, possibly the first recorded archaeological evidence of maritime slavery in the Americas fleets. Two tin-glazed plates painted with papal coat of arms - the Keys of Heaven and triple crown - may have been used by Spain-bound clergymen from the newly formed Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith. Samples of all ceramics were subjected to Inductively-Coupled Plasma Spectrometry (ICPS) analysis to determine vessel origins.
Six chapters focus on the tablewares, tin-glazed papal plates, Afro-Caribbean cooking wares, the olive jars, Inductively-Coupled Plasma Spectrometry results, and a study of how the pottery reflects Spanish colonial economic models, also compared to Roman and medieval structures.
Preface by Ivor Noel Hume Introduction by Greg Stemm& Sean A. Kingsley 1. The Deep-Sea Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida (1622): The Ceramic Tablewares Sean A. Kingsley 2. Papal Plates& Propaganda on the Deep-Sea Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida (1622) Sean A. Kingsley 3. Spanish Olive Jars from the Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida (1622) Sean A. Kingsley, Jenette Flow, Ellen Gerth& Claudio Lozano Guerra-Librero 4. The Deep-Sea Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida (1622): Afro-Caribbean Colonoware& Maritime Slavery Ellen Gerth& Sean A. Kingsley 5. Chemical Analysis of Pottery from the Tortugas Shipwreck (1622) by Plasma Spectrometry (ICPS) Michael J. Hughes 6. Clay Tobacco Pipes from the Tortugas Shipwreck, Florida (1622) J. Byron Sudbury& Ellen Gerth 7. Rome in Spain, Spain in the Americas: Amphoras, Olive Jars& the Economics of Long-Distance Trade Sean A. Kingsley, Michael Decker& Ellen Gerth