The Ikhwan al-Safa (Brethren of Purity), the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century esoteric fraternity based in Basra and Baghdad, hold an eminent position in the history of science and philosophy in Islam due to the wide reception and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). This compendium contains fifty-two epistles offering synoptic accounts of the classical sciences and philosophies of the age; divided into four classificatory parts, it treats themes in mathematics, logic, natural philosophy, psychology, metaphysics, and theology, in addition to didactic fables. The Rasa'il constitutes a paradigmatic legacy in the canonization of philosophy and the sciences in mediaeval Islamic civilization, as well as having shown a permeating influence in Western culture. This is the fifth volume in a series presenting the very first critical edition of the Rasa'il in its original Arabic, complete with the first fully annotated
Godefroid de Callatay is Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the University of Louvain, Belgium. He has specialised in the history of Arabic sciences and philosophy and is the author of numerous articles and books on the Brethren of Purity, including his French translations of Epistles 7, 28, and 36, and his latest volume: Ikhwan al-Safa': A Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of Orthodox Islam, for the 'Makers of the Muslim World' series (Oxford: Oneworld, 2005). In addition, he is also directing a project on Arabic and Latin encyclopaedias of the Middle Ages at the University of Louvain. Having first embarked on a Civil Engineer career shich led him to work for many years in Arab countries of the Middle-East, Bruno Halflants joined the University of Louvain in 1995, where he obtained the Master degree in Arabic and Islamic studies. Established there as a scientific research worker, in 2007 he published an extensive grammar of Middle Arabic, supported by an original edition of the oldest known manuscript of one of the longest tales from the Thousand and One Nights. He has more recently joined the IIS Ikhwan project in order to prepare the critical edition of both the short and the long versions of Epistle 52 of the Brethren of Purity.
Foreword by Nader El-Bizri (General Editor) ; Introduction ; Technical Introduction ; Epistle 52, Part 1: The Quiddity of Magic ; Appendices ; Bibliography ; Index ; Risala 52, Part 1 (Arabic Text & Variants)