This book provides an inventory of organic materials and products, the major components of all civil engineering projects, in terms of their scientific and technical background, including the regulations that cover their use and their predicted useful life. Such materials include: bitumen on the roads; geotextiles for retaining walls; membranes for bridges; tunnel and reservoir waterproofing; paint binders to protect metallic and concrete structures or to realize road markings; injection resins; gluing products; concrete admixtures; and composite materials. The presentation is based on a physicochemical approach, which is essential if these products are to be considered as part of sustainable development: as such, those studying or working in these fields will find this an invaluable source of information.
Yves Mouton is a chemical engineer and a specialist in civil engineering. He has been active for nearly 40 years at the LCPC (Central Laboratory for Structures and Roads) in Paris and is Professor of Materials Science at the ENTPE (State national school of public works).
Introduction xxiii Yves MOUTON PART 1. PROBLEMS REGARDING ORGANIC MATERIALS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 1 Chapter 1. Organic materials used in Construction at the Dawn of the Third Millennium 3 Michel DE LONGCAMP and Yves MOUTON Chapter 2. Sustainable Development Issues Regarding Organic Materials used in Civil Engineering 15 Agnes JULLIEN Chapter 3. Health Risks of Organic Materials used in Construction: What is the Situation Today? 37 Guy AUBURTIN Chapter 4. Ecological Impacts of Organic Construction Materials: What is the Situation Today? 51 Yves PERRODIN PART 2. ORGANIC POLYMERS AS BUILDING MATERIALS 63 Chapter 5. Organic Polymers 65 Jacques VERDU and Bruno FAYOLLE Chapter 6. Formulation of Plastics 121 Michel de LONGCAMP Chapter 7. Ageing and Durability of Organic Polymers 131 Jacques VERDU and Bruno FAYOLLE Chapter 8. Fireproofing polymeric materials: problems and solutions 179 Serge BOURBIGOT Chapter 9. Organic Materials, Waste and Recycling 189 Vincent VERNEY PART 3. MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS 203 Chapter 10. Geosynthetics and Waterproofing 205 Philippe MESTAT Chapter 11. Waterproofing Buildings: The Point of View of an Expert 269 Gerard HEMOND Chapter 12. Elastomers and Rubbers used in Civil Engineering 283 Michel FRAGNET PART 4. COMPOSITE MATERIALS, TENSILE STRUCTURES, TEXTILE ARCHITECTURE AND TIMBER 313 Chapter 13. Composite Materials and Construction 315 Jean-Francois CARON Chapter 14. Textile Materials: Architectural Applications 339 Bernard MAURIN and Romain FERRARI Chapter 15. Wood 353 Remy MOUTERDE PART 5. ORGANIC BINDER-BASED MATERIALS 389 Chapter 16. Bitumen, Road Construction and Sustainable Development 391 Bernard LOMBARDI Chapter 17. Industrial Mortars and Repairing Concrete Products 407 Pierre BOULANGER and Paulo GONCALO Chapter 18. Waterborne Paints to Limit VOC Emissions: Interests and Limits 419 Emmanuel ARAGON and Andre MARGAILLAN PART 6. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BUILT-IN INTO CEMENT MATRICES 431 Chapter 19. Rheological Admixtures 433 Nicolas ROUSSEL Chapter 20. Contributions of Organic Admixtures in Construction Processes 447 Francois CUSSIGH Chapter 21. Organic Fibers in Cementitious Materials 457 Laetitia D'ALOIA-SCHWARTZENTRUBER PART 7. PROBLEMS SPECIFIC TO ORGANIC MATERIALS: ADHESIVE BONDING AND CHARACTERIZATION METHODS 483 Chapter 22. Adhesive Bonding, a Method for Construction 485 Thierry CHAUSSADENT Chapter 23. Strengthening Concrete Structures by Externally Bonded Composite Materials 503 Marc QUIERTANT Chapter 24. Durability of FRP Strengthened Concrete Specimens under Accelerated Ageing 529 Karim BENZARTI, Marc QUIERTANT, Sylvain CHATAIGNER and Christophe AUBAGNAC Chapter 25. Characterization of Organic Materials used in Civil Engineering by Chemical and Physico-chemical Methods 553 Fabienne FARCAS PART 8. ORGANIC MATERIALS, CONSTRUCTION, ARCHITECTURE, CREATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 583 Chapter 26. Organic Materials and Sustainable Architectural Design 585 Michel PAULIN Chapter 27. Specific Contributions of Viscous Behavior Materials in Construction 599 Bernard HALPHEN Chapter 28. Organics in Construction How Far? 609 Henri VAN DAMME Chapter 29. Thoughts on the Futurology in Research and Development of Innovative Materials 617 Jean BILLARD Conclusion 631 Francois BUYLE-BODIN Acronyms and Initials 639 List of Authors 645 Index 649