Crimes that harm the environment are frequently presented as random or accidental behaviors. This study, however, examines the cultural and organizational factors that make the routine operations of business susceptible to environmental law-breaking. While the problem of corporate and white-collar crime is often portrayed simply as an issue of money and finances, environmental crimes have lasting physical and often violent consequences. Crimes that harm the environment are frequently presented as random or accidental behaviors. Are corporate violations of the law random or accidental occurrences, or are there patterns to illegal behavior? To answer this central question, this work argues that three divergent literatures can be integrated and tested in a unified conceptual schema; that environmental corporate crimes are a function of what previous researchers have termed motive, opportunity and choice.