The book is based on nine articles that I contributed to various journals over the past several years or appeared in various conference proceedings. At least one of them was published as a chapter in an edited work. However, all of them are based on original archival material or contemporary published sources available in Pakistan, India, Turkey and Britain. The theme of these papers, as the title suggests, is the South Asian perceptions and responses regarding the political events that unfolded in the background of the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire and the establishment of the Turkish republic by Mustafa Kemal. The book begins with an analysis of the literature on the nineteenth-century pan-Islam in South Asia and then gradually unfolds its practical expression in the politics of the South Asia while interacting with the Turks in the milieu of British and Allied policies. It also tries to explain as to why the South Asians switched their sympathies from the Ottomans to nationalists under Ataturk and how they looked at the process of modernization in Turkey in comparison with the Muslims of Afghanistan and Iran.
Lastly, the book attempts to examine the enduring relevance of pan-Islam in the politics of Pakistan and ventures to measure its trajectory in the future.
M. Naeem Qureshi, Ph.D. (London), has recently been Professor of History at the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan. Before that he was HEC's Eminent Professor at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad. During his substantive association with the University (1974-1996), he held the Chair of History for a number of years. Later, he was Head of Humanities Program at GIK Institute, Topi (1996-2001). In between, he was a Ford Foundation Fellow for post-doc exchange at the University of Pennsylvania (1977), taught history at Mekerere University, Kampala (1978-79), and won the prestigious Japan Foundation Fellowship for the University of Tokyo (1981-82). He has contributed articles to several research journals mostly in the field of modern South Asia and politics of Islam. He is also a regular contributor to the Encyclopaedia of Islam published by Turkeye Diyanet Vakfi, Istanbul, Turkey.
Preface ; List of Maps ; Abbreviations ; Introduction ; 1. Bibliographic Soundings in Nineteenth-Century Pan-Islam ; 2. Pan-Islam and the Caliphate Reconsidered ; 3. Pleading the Case of the Ottoman Empire ; 4. Ataturk's Impact on Muslim India ; 5. Images of Ataturk and Turkey in Urdu Literature ; 6. Ataturk's reforms and the Muslim World ; 7. The Kemalist Model of State and Ayub Khan's Structural Reforms ; Epilogue ; Appendices: ; i. Misak-i-Milli ; ii. Scotland Yard Reports of the Khilafat Delegation (1920) ; iii. Iqbal's 'The Principle of Movement in the Structure of Islam' ; iv. M.A. Jinnah's Tribute to Ataturk, 10 November 1938 ; Glossary ; Biographical Notes ; Selected Bibliography ; Index