Out of Italy concerns the Italian contribution to life in North-East England since Roman times, with particular attention to the last 250 years. Italian-Swiss stuccoists decorated many of the region's finest historic buildings; a colony of skilled craftsmen from Como specialised in manufacturing optical instruments in Victorian Newcastle; and there have lived among us gifted Italian architects, artists, glass-blowers, mosaic workers, and even, briefly, Giuseppe Garibaldi.
In the nineteenth century, numerous Italians from a peasant background found their way here to try their luck as street traders and organ-grinders, chestnut sellers and ice cream makers, and many went on to found their families' fortunes. But with the Second World War, when anti-Italian feeling ran high, the community's resilience was tested to the utmost: even elderly long-settled Italians were interned as `enemy aliens', while other family members served in the British forces, one even winning the VC. From 1942, thousands of Italian prisoners-of-war filled labour camps in the North-East, and a few eventually settled. Mass emigration from Italy resumed after the war, bringing hundreds of men and women to work among us. Their presence and their skills, like those of their many forerunners, have coloured the life of our region in numerous ways. Over 300 evocative illustrations accompany a lively narrative which details the lives of many individuals and families within the broader context of their times.
This is the first book to study Italian immigration in a region of England in such detail and over such a long period of time.
After graduating in languages at Cambridge University, Hugh Shankland worked several years in Italy as a teacher and painter. In 1966 he founded Italian Studies at Durham University, retiring as head of the Italian Department there in 1998. He has published books and articles on Italian language, literature and general culture, as well as several literary translations.