The first survey of the Pan-African movement this century, this book provides a history of the individuals and organisations that have sought the unity of all those of African origin as the basis for advancement and liberation. Initially an idea and movement that took root among the African Diaspora, in more recent times Pan-Africanism has been embodied in the African Union, the organisation of African states which includes the entire African Diaspora as its `sixth region'.
Hakim Adi covers many of the key political figures of the 20th century, including Du Bois, Garvey, Malcolm X, Nkrumah and Gaddafi, as well as Pan-African culture expression from Negritude to the wearing of the Afro hair style and the music of Bob Marley.
Hakim Adi is Professor in the History of Africa and the African Diaspora at the University of Chichester, UK. He has written widely on the history of Pan-Africanism and the African Diaspora and his recent publications include Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787 (2003) and Pan-Africanism and Communism: The Communist International, Africa and the Diaspora, 1919-1939 (2013).
Introduction 1. The Forerunners 2. Pan-Africanism and Garveyism 3. Du Bois and the Pan-African Congresses 4. Pan-Africanism and Communism 5. From Internationalisme Noir to Negritude 6. From Ethiopia to Manchester 7. Pan-Africanism Returns Home 8. Black Power 9. `African culture is revolutionary or it will not be' 10. The road to a New African Union Conclusion Notes Select Bibliography Index