Party Politics in New Democracies (Comparative Politics)
By: Paul Webb (editor), Stephen White (editor)Hardback
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Comparative Politics is a series for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. The General Editors are Professor Alfio Mastropaolo, University of Turin and Kenneth Newton, University of Southampton and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin . The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. The sister volume to Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, this book offers a systematic and rigorous analysis of parties in some of the world's major new democracies. Drawing on a wealth of expertise and data, the book assesses the popular legitimacy, organizational development and functional performance of political parties in Latin America and postcommunist Eastern Europe. It demonstrates the generational differences between parties in the old and new democracies, and reveals contrasts among the latter.
Parties are shown to be at their most feeble in those recently transitional democracies characterized by personalistic, candidate-centred forms of politics, but in other new democracies - especially those with parliamentary systems - parties are more stable and institutionalized, enabling them to facilitate a meaningful degree of popular choice and control. Wherever party politics is weakly institutionalized, political inequality tends to be greater, commitment to pluralism less certain, clientelism and corruption more pronounced, and populist demagoguery a greater temptation. Without party, democracy's hold is more tenuous.
Paul Webb is Professor of Politics at the University of Sussex. He is author or editor of numerous publications, including The Modern British Party System (Sage Publications, 2000), Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Societies (Oxford University Press, 2002, coedited) and The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies (Oxford University Press, 2005, coedited). He is currently an editor of the journals Party Politics and Representation. Stephen White is Professor of International Politics in the Department of Politics at the University of Glasgow, and a Senior Research Associate of its School of Slavonic, Central and East European Studies. A former president of the British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies and chief editor of the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, his recent books include Russia After Communism (coedited, Cass, 2002), Postcommunist Belarus (coedited, Rowman and Littlefield, 2005) and Developments in Russian Politics 6 (Palgrave and Duke, 2005).
1. Introduction: Conceptualizing the Institutionalization and Performance of Political Parties in New Democracies ; 2. Russia's Client Party System ; 3. Political Parties in Ukraine: Virtual and Representational ; 4. Poland: Party System by Default ; 5. Building Party Government: Political Parties in the Czech and Slovak Republics ; 6. The Only Game in Town: Party Politics in Hungary ; 7. Parties and Governability in Brazil ; 8. 'Que se Vayan Todos!' The struggle for Democratic Party Politics in Contemporary Argentina ; 9. Strong Parties in a Struggling Party System: Mexico in the Democratic Era ; 10. The Durability of the Party System in Chile ; 11. Political Parties in Costa Rica: Sustaining Democratic Stability in a Latin American Context ; 12. Political Parties in New Democracies: Trajectories of Development and Implications for Democracy ; Index
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