Philosophical Foundations of Criminal Law (Philosophical Foundations of Law)
By: R. A. Duff (editor), Stuart Green (editor)Paperback
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Twenty-five leading contemporary theorists of criminal law tackle a range of foundational issues about the proper aims and structure of the criminal law in a liberal democracy. The challenges facing criminal law are many. There are crises of over-criminalization and over-imprisonment; penal policy has become so politicized that it is difficult to find any clear consensus on what aims the criminal law can properly serve; governments seeking to protect their citizens in the face of a range of perceived threats have pushed the outer limits of criminal law and blurred its boundaries. To think clearly about the future of criminal law, and its role in a liberal society, foundational questions about its proper scope, structure, and operations must be re-examined. What kinds of conduct should be criminalized? What are the principles of criminal responsibility? How should offences and defences be defined? The criminal process and the criminal trial need to be studied closely, and the purposes and modes of punishment should be scrutinized.
Such a re-examination must draw on the resources of various disciplines-notably law, political and moral philosophy, criminology and history; it must examine both the inner logic of criminal law and its place in a larger legal and political structure; it must attend to the growing field of international criminal law, it must consider how the criminal law can respond to the challenges of a changing world. Topics covered in this volume include the question of criminalization and the proper scope of the criminal law; the grounds of criminal responsibility; the ways in which offences and defences should be defined; the criminal process and its values; criminal punishment; the relationship between international criminal law and domestic criminal law. Together, the essays provide a picture of the exciting state of criminal law theory today, and the basis for further research and debate in the coming years.
Stuart P Green was educated at Yale Law School and serves as a Professor of Law at Rutgers Law School-Newark.
1. Introduction: Searching for Foundations ; PART I: CRIMINAL LAW AND POLITICAL THEORY ; 2. Criminal Law as Public Law ; 3. Republicanism and the Foundations of Criminal Law ; 4. Political Theory and the Criminal Law ; 5. Foundations of State Punishment in Modern Liberal Democracies: Toward a Genealogy of American Criminal Law ; 6. Responsibility for the Criminal Law ; 7. Responsibility, Citizenship, and Criminal Law ; PART II: THE SUBSTANCE OF CRIMINAL LAW ; 8. The Resurgence of Character: Responsibility in the Context of Criminalization ; 9. Intention as a Marker of Moral Culpability and Legal Punishability ; 10. Wrongdoing and Motivation ; 11. Understanding the Topography of Moral and Criminal Law Norms ; 12. Beyond the Special Part ; 13. Just Prevention: Preventive Rationales and the Limits of the Criminal Law ; 14. The Ontological Problem of 'Risk' and 'Endangerment' in Criminal Law ; 15. The De Minimis 'Defence' to Criminal Liability ; 16. Just Deserts in Unjust Societies: A Case-specific Approach ; PART III: PROCESS AND PUNISHMENT ; 17. Groundwork for a Jurisprudence of Criminal Procedure ; 18. The Substance-Procedure Relationship in Criminal Law ; 19. Two Kinds of Retributivism ; PRAT IV: ACROSS THE BORDERS AND INTO THE FUTURE ; 20. Piercing Sovereignty: A Rationale for International Jurisdiction Over Crimes that Do Not Cross International Borders ; 21. Criminal Law and Morality at War ; 22. Criminal Liability and 'Smart' Environments
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