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Philosophical Foundations of Social Research Methods (Sage Benchmarks in Social Research Methods)

Philosophical Foundations of Social Research Methods (Sage Benchmarks in Social Research Methods)

By: Malcolm Williams (editor)Hardback

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Description

Philosophical considerations and positions underlie all of the natural and social sciences. In the latter case philosophical foundations and their emergent issues have a profound impact on methodology and empirical practice. Design decisions will usually depend on philosophical perspectives or assumptions, such as the very fundamental decision to employ a quantitative design or an interpretive design. The 'philosophy of social research' is thus a subset of the philosophy of social science, but also an important subject area that spans methodology and method. The articles making up this timely collection are the best exemplars of key positions in a very wide disciplinary field. The selection is designed to begin each section with an 'entry level' article to introduce the reader to the topic area and to ground the approach a research problem. Topics covered include science and art in the history of social research, positivism and antipositivism, language and the linguistic turn, realism and anti-realism, theory and theory choice, logic and models, prediction and laws, interpretation, probability and complexity. With the study of the philosophical foundations of methods and methodology gaining increasing priority in university courses, this will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers across the social sciences.

About Author

Malcolm Williams is Professor and Director at the Cardiff School of Social Sciences. His interests are primarily in the area of research methods and methodology and he has published extensively in these areas. His particular interests are in objectivity, causailty and probability, representation and the pedagogy of quantitative methods.

Contents

Volume One: Social Research as Science or ArtPART ONE: THE CHALLENGE TO SCIENCE AND ITS DEFENCEIntroduction - Williams Philosophical Foundations and Empirical Social ResearchThe Art of Social Science - R RedfieldIs It a Science? - S MorgenbesserRoscher's Historical Method - M WeberUnity of Method in the Natural and Social Sciences - K PopperValid and Invalid Alternatives to Social Science - M SteuerThe Relevance of Methodology - P LazarsfeldThe Perestroikan Challenge to Social Science - D LaitinBeyond Paradigm - S Schram Resisting the Assimilation of Phronetic Social ScienceArt in Science? - E Eisner and K PowellPART TWO: POSITIVISM AND ANTI-POSITIVISMTwo Tradition - G H Von WrightPositivism Reconsidered - C BryantMethodology in the Social Sciences - R Holub The Positivist DebatePositivism, Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism in the Social Sciences - R KeatContemporary Positivism in Sociology - G LundbergPositivism in Sociological Research - C Gartrell and J Gartrell USA and UK (1966-1990)Interpretive Interactionism - N DenzinThe Basic Belief Systems of the Conventional and Constructivist Paradigm - E Guba and Y LincolnOn Demonstration - A TudorQuantitative and Qualitative Research Strategies in Knowing the Social World - A BrymanThe Qualitative-Quantitative Debate - A Clark Moving from Positivism and Confrontation to Post-Positivism and ReconciliationVolume Two: Philosophical Issues in Research StrategiesPART ONE: CAUSALITY, EXPLANATION AND LAWSLaws of Nature and Causality - R BraithwaiteCausal Thinking... - H BlalockAxioms of Causation - R MacIverThe Meaning and Measurement of Causal Effect - O HellevikCausation, Statistics and Sociology - J GoldthorpeTo Justify or Explain in History or Social Science? - E MaddenLimitations of Statistics - W OgburnPrediction in Sociology - A Aldridge Prospects for a Devalued ActivityThe Quest for Universals in Sociological Research - R TurnerIs the Case for Social Science Laws Strengthening? - C BeedPART TWO: REPRESENTATION THEORIES AND MODELSOperational Definitions Operationally Defined - S DoddSome Notes on Operationism and the Concept of Validity - B AndersonTheory, Measurement and Replication in the Social Sciences - H BlalockOn Being 'Empirical' without Being Empiricist - R PawsonFunctionalism and the Survey - J Platt The Relation of Theory and MethodTheoretical Models - J Skvoretz Sociology's Missing LinkPART THREE: INTERPRETATION, LANGUAGE AND MEANINGThe Methods of Ethnology and Social Anthropology - A R Radcliffe-BrownThe Role of Understanding in the Human Studies - H RickmanThe Meaning of Meaningful Behavior - M BunzlLanguage in Social Science - K WebbFrom the Native's Point of View - C Geertz On the Nature of Anthropological UnderstandingInterpretive Social Science and the 'Native's' Point of View - T JonesQuality in Qualitative Research - C SealVolume Three: Social Reality and the Social Context of Social ResearchPART ONE: REALISM AND ANTI-REALISMRealist Philosophy of Science - R Keat and J UrryRealist Philosophy of the Social Sciences and Economics - P Beart A CritiqueObservations on Positivism and Pseudoscience in Qualitative Nursing Research - M JohnsonMaking up People - I HackingSocial Construction as Ontology - D Nightingale and J CrombyMiddle Range Theory - K Menzies A Realist ViewMiddle Range Realism - R PawsonBhaskar's Critical Realism - M HammersleyPART TWO: OBJECTIVITY, COMMITMENT AND THE POLITICS OF SOCIAL ENQUIRYWhose Side Are We on? - H BeckerAnti Minotaur - A Gouldner The Myth of a Value-Free SociologyThe Value-Orientated Bias of Social Enquiry - E NagelSituated Objectivity - M WilliamsThe Institutionalization of Social Inquiry - J BarnesParticipatory Action Research - L Krimerman Should Social Inquiry Be Conducted Democratically?Reflexivity and Ethnographic Research - C DaviesReflexivity and Sociological Practice - T MayPART THREE: INDIVIDUALS, WHOLES AND UNITS OF ANALYSISMethodological Individualism - G HomansBehind Methodological Individualism - G HodgsonTen Modes of Individualism - None of Which Works - and Their Alternatives - M BungeInstitutional Individualism and Institutional Change - F Toboso The Search for a Middle Way Mode of ExplanationCurrent Issues in Comparative Macrosociology - J Goldthorpe A Debate on Methodological IssuesTurning the Tables - C Ragin How Case-Orientated Research Challenges Variable-Orientated ResearchPart/Whole Morphology - T Scheff Unifying Single Cases and Comparative MethodsVolume Four: New Strategies in Social ResearchPART ONE: PROBABILITY, COMPLEXITY AND NEURAL NETWORKSTheories about Probability - I HackingThe Nature of Measurement - D Byrne What We Measure and How We MeasureThe Propensities of Evolving Systems - R UlanowiczComplexity and the Quantitative Programme in Social Science - D ByrneWebs of Chaos - W Stroup Implications for Research DesignsComments on Neural Networks - H PaikTime-Series Analysis with Neural Networks and ARIMA-Neural Network Hybrids - J Hansen and NelsonPART TWO: FEMINISM AND SOCIAL RESEARCHIs There a Feminist Method? - S HardingSexism in Research - M EichlerQuoting and Counting - G Letherby The Qualitative/Quantitative DivideGender, Methodology and People's Ways of Knowing - A OakleyFeminism and Epistemology - J Holmwood What Kind of Successor Science?Introduction to Mixed Method and Mixed Model Studies in the Social and Behavioral Sciences - A Tashakkori and C TeddlieOn the Integration of the Social Sciences - F HellerThe Rashomon Effect - W Roth and J Mehta Combining Positivist and Interpretivist Approaches in the Analysis of Contested EventsNumbers and Narratives - R Nash Further Reflections in the Sociology of EducationMethodological Triangulation in Nursing Research - M Risjord, M Moloney and DunbarTriangulation Revisited - U Flick Strategy of Validation or AlternativeContingency, Reality and Plurality in Social Research - M Williams

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781412903820
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 1664
  • ID: 9781412903820
  • ISBN10: 1412903823

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