Philosophical Problems: An Annotated Anthology (2nd Reprinted edition)

Philosophical Problems: An Annotated Anthology (2nd Reprinted edition)

By: Ann Baker (author), Laurence BonJour (author)Paperback

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Description

For courses in Introductory Philosophy. Edited and assembled by one of philosophy's foremost scholars in collaboration with a distinguished teacher, this introductory anthology offers both classic and contemporary primary source readings and schools students in developing distinctly philosophical habits of mind. In addition to the fine selection of primary source readings, this anthology offers a unique array of pedagogical features that, together, form a "roadmap" for thinking philosophically. These features begin with an introductory essay, followed by chapter introductions and marginal annotations that accompany the readings, and conclude with discussion questions and an appendix on writing about philosophy.

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Contents

*Selections new to this edition are indicated with an asterisk Preface Preface to the 2nd Edition For the Student: An Introduction to the Annotations Chapter 1 What is Philosophy? Ann Baker: Philosophical Thinking Plato: Euthyphro Plato: Apology Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy Chapter 2 Knowledge and Skepticism Do We Have Knowledge of the External World? Rene Descartes: From Meditations on First Philosophy John Locke: From An Essay Concerning Human Understanding George Berkeley: From Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous Thomas Reid: Direct Realism, from Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man Laurence BonJour: Knowledge of the External World, from Epistemology: Classic Problems and Contemporary Responses Sextus Empiricus: From Outlines of Pyrrhonism* Concluding Dialogue on the External World* Is Induction Justified? David Hume: Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding, from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Wesley Salmon: The Problem of Induction, from The Foundations of Scientific Inference A. C. Ewing: The "A Priori" and the Empirical, from The Fundamental Questions of Philosophy Concluding Dialogue on the Problem of Induction* Chapter 3 Minds and Bodies Are Minds and Mental States Distinct from Bodies and Material States? John Foster: A Defense of Dualism J. J. C. Smart: Sensations and Brain Processes Jerry Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem Are Intentional Mental States Analogous to the States of a Computer? A. M. Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence John R. Searle: Is the Brain's Mind a Computer Program? Jerry Fodor: Searle on What Only Brains Can Do John R. Searle: Author's Response Can Materialism Account for Qualitative Consciousness? Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat? Frank Jackson: What Mary Didn't Know Laurence BonJour: What Is It Like to Be a Human (Instead of a Bat)? David Lewis: Knowing What It's Like David J. Chalmers: The Puzzle of Conscious Experience Concluding Dialogue on the Mind-Body Problem* Chapter 4 Personal Identity and Free Will What is Required for Personal Identity? John Locke: Personal Identity Thomas Reid: Of Mr. Locke's Account of Personal Identity Bernard Williams: The Self and the Future Derek Parfit: Personal Identity Concluding Dialogue on Personal Identity * Are Human Actions Genuinely Free? Hard Determinism Robert Blatchford: A Defense of Hard Determinism, from Not Guilty: A Defense of the Bottom Dog Compatibilism David Hume: Of Liberty and Necessity W. T. Stace: A Compatibalist Account of Free Will, from Religion and the Modern Mind Paul Edwards: Hard and Soft Determinism Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person* Libertarianism C. A. Campbell: In Defense of Free Will Robert Nozick: Choice and Indeterminism, from Philosophical Explanations Robert Kane: Free Will and Modern Science, from A Contemporary Introduction to Free Will* Back to Hard Determinism? Galen Strawson: Free Will Concluding Dialogue on Free Will* Chapter 5 Morality and Moral Problems What Is the Best Theory of Morality: Utilitarianism, Deontological Views, or Virtue Ethics? Utilitarianism: Morality Depends on Consequences Jeremy Bentham: From An Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation John Stuart Mill: From Utilitarianism J. J. C. Smart: Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism Peter Singer:Famine, Affluence, and Morality* Deontological Views: Morality Depends on Duties and Rights Immanuel Kant: From Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals Onora O'Neill: The Moral Perplexities of Famine Relief David T. Ozar: Rights: What They Are and Where They Come From Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion Virtue Ethics: Morality Depends on Character Traits Aristotle: From The Nichomachean Ethics Rosalind Hursthouse: Normative Virtue Ethics Rosalind Hursthouse: Virtue Theory and Abortion* Challenges to Morality: Relativism and Egoism James Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism Plato: Are We Better Off Behaving Morally or Immorally? Concluding Dialogue on Morality and Moral Problems* Chapter 6 The Legitimacy of Government and The Nature of Justice What Is the Justification for Government? Thomas Hobbes: The Social Contract, from Leviathan John Locke: The Social Contract, from Second Treatise of Government David Hume: Of the Original Contract What Is Social Justice? Robert Nozick: The Entitlement Theory of Justice, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia John Rawls: Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice Robert Nozick: A Critique of Rawls, from Anarchy, State, and Utopia Thomas M. Scanlon: Nozick on Rights, Liberty, and Property Concluding Dialogue on Government and Justice* Chapter 7 God and Faith Does God Exist? The Cosmological Argument St. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica Samuel Clarke: The Cosmological Argument, from A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God David Hume: Problems with the Cosmological Argument, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion The Argument from Design William Paley: The Argument from Design, from Natural Theology Stephen Jay Gould: The Panda's Thumb David Hume: Problems with the Argument from Design, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Antony Flew: Critique of the Global Argument from Design, from God: A Critical Inquiry The Ontological Argument St. Anselm: The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion* Rene Descartes: The Ontological Argument Immanuel Kant: The Impossibility of an Ontological Proof of the Existence of God An Argument Against the Existence of God: The Problem of Evil David Hume: The Problem of Evil, from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion J. L. Mackie: Evil and Omnipotence John Hick: The Problem of Evil, from Philosophy of Religion Must We Have Reasons to Believe in God? Walter Kaufmann: Pascal's Wager, from Critique of Religion and Philosophy William James: The Will to Believe Concluding Dialogue on God and Faith* Chapter 8 Philosophy and The Good Life Epictetus: from the Manual Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine Thomas Nagel: The Absurd Susan Wolf: Happiness and Meaning: Two Aspects of the Good Life Concluding Dialogue on the Good Life* Glossary Credits

Product Details

  • publication date: 21/12/2007
  • ISBN13: 9780205639472
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 672
  • ID: 9780205639472
  • weight: 1261
  • ISBN10: 020563947X
  • edition: 2nd Reprinted edition

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