This book offers the first extended study published in English on the Hippocratic treatise On Regimen, one of the most important pre-Platonic documents of the discussion of human nature and other topics at the intersection of ancient medicine and philosophy. It is not only a unique example of classical Greek dietetic literature, including the most elaborated account of the micro-macrocosm and phusis-techne analogies, but it also provides the most explicit discussion of the soul-body opposition preceding Plato. Moreover, Bartos argues, it is a rare example of an extant medical text which systematically draws on philosophical authorities, such as Heraclitus, Empedocles and Anaxagoras, and which had a decisive influence on both physicians, such as Galen, and philosophers, most notably Plato and Aristotle.
Hynek Bartos, PhD. (2003), in History and Philosophy of Science at Charles University (Prague), is associate professor at Charles University, Faculty of Humanities. He has published in ancient Greek philosophy and life sciences (including papers in Ancient Philosophy, Apeiron, Classical Quarterly, and Rhizai) and co-edits a series of the first Czech translations with commentaries of the Hippocratic treatises.
Contents Preface and Acknowledgements Abbreviations and Editions Introduction 1 The Discovery of Dietetics Introduction 1 The Roots of Dietetics 1.1 The Quest for Health 1.2 Earliest Evidence 1.3 The Crotonian-Pythagorean Hypothesis 1.4 Athletic Training 1.5 Regimen Towards Health 2 Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen 2.1 The Author and His Readers 2.2 Reflections on the Earlier Dietetic Tradition 2.3 Dietetic Methodology and Discovery 2.4 The Original Constituents 2.5 The Typology of Human Nature 2.6 Elemental Explications Conclusion 99 2 Philosophy of the Nature of Man Introduction 1 Reflections on the Philosophical Tradition 2 Mimesis-Status Questionis 3 The Analogy of Macrocosm and Microcosm 4 The Analogy of Physis and Techne 4.1 Seeing the Invisible by Means of the Visible 4.2 Carpentry and Human Physiology 4.3 Harmony in Embryology, Music and Cooking 4.4 The Circularity of Physiological Processes 4.5 Digestion and Growth 4.6 Dietetics, Medicine, Gymnastics and Cosmetics Conclusion 3 Therapy of Body and Soul Introduction 1 Distinguishing Soul from Body 1.1 Diagnosing Human Nature 1.2 Therapy of the Soul 2 Body and Soul in On Regimen 2.1 The Duality of Fire and Water 2.2 Fire and Water in the Soul and Body 2.3 Therapy of Thought, Perception and Memory 2.4 The Sleeping Body and the Dreaming Soul 2.5 Seed, Embryology, Procreation 2.6 Transmigration and the Cycle of Life 2.7 Regimen without Morality Conclusion 4 The Philosophical Legacy of On Regimen Introduction 1 Plato's Timaeus on the Therapy of the Soul 2 Aristotelian Reflections 2.1 Innate Heat and the Kindled Soul 2.1.1 Soul and Fire in Aristotle's On the Soul 2.1.2 Soul and Fire in Aristotle's On the Parts of Animals 2.1.3 Kindled Soul in Aristotle's Parva Naturalia 2.2 Aristotle's Concept of Health and Natural Teleology 2.2.1 The Concept of Self-Healing Nature 2.2.2 Aristotle on the Analogy between Nature and Medicine 2.2.3 The Limitations of Aristotle's Natural Teleology 2.3 Aristotle on Distinguished Physicians and the Principles of Natural Philosophy Conclusion Appendix Bibliography General Index Index Locorum Index Nominum