This volume addresses the means and ends of sacrificial speculation by inviting a selected group of specialists in the fields of philosophy, history of religions, and indology to examine philosophical modes of sacrificial speculation - especially in Ancient India and Greece - and consider the commonalities of their historical raison d'etre. Scholars have long observed, yet without presenting any transcultural grand theory on the matter, that sacrifice seems to end with (or even continue as) philosophy in both Ancient India and Greece. How are we to understand this important transformation that so profoundly changed the way we think of religion (and philosophy as opposed to religion) today? Some of the complex topics inviting closer examination in this regard are the interiorisation of ritual, ascetism and self-sacrifice, sacrifice and cosmogony, the figure of the philosopher-sage, transformations and technologies of the self, analogical reasoning, the philosophy of ritual, vegetarianism, and metempsychosis.
Peter Jackson is Professor at the department of History of Religions at Stockholm University, Sweden. His most recent book is The Transformations of Helen: Indo-European Myth and the Roots of the Trojan Cycle (2007). Anna-Pya Sjodin is Senior lecturer in the study of religions at Mid- Sweden University in the department of Humanities and affiliated researcher at Uppsala University in the department of Linguistics and Philology.
IntroductionPeter Jackson & Anna-Pya SjodinI: HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE APPROACHES TO RITUAL THOUGHT IN ANCIENT INDIA AND ARCHAIC GREECE1. The Principle of Equivalence and the Interiorization of Ritual: The 'End' of Ritual?Stephanie Jamison, UCLA2. Ritual as Abstract Action Clemens Cavallin, University of Gothenburg3. Lord over this Whole World: Agency and Philosophy in Brhadaranyaka Upanisad Anna-Pya Sjodin4. 'The End of Sacrifice' and the Absence of 'Religion': The Peculiar Case of IndiaGerald James Larson, University of California, Santa Barbara5. The Crisis of SacrificePeter JacksonII: RITUAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN LATE ANTIQUITY6. The End of Sacrifice RevisitedGuy Stroumsa, University of Oxford (Emeritus)7. The All as logike thusia Jorgen Podemann Sorensen, University of Copenhagen8. No End to Sacrifice in HermetismChristian Bull, Bergen University9. Beyond righteousness and transgressionJorgen Magnusson, Mid-Sweden University10. Sacrificial Subjectivity: On Transformative Faith in the Pauline Letters Hans Ruin, Sodertorn UniversityIII: REPERCUSSIONS OF SACRIFICE IN WESTERN PHILOSOPHY11. Philosophical sacrificeMarcia Sa Cavalcante Schuback, Sodertorn University