This collection of original papers by an international group of distinguished philosophers of science impressively demonstrates the links among the philosophic points of view, areas of focus, and methods of treatment used in examining the many facets of scientific inquiry. It will be an indispensable collection for philosophers of science and scientists of various disciplines, including physicists, neuroscientists, and psychologists.
Dionysios Anapolitanos is professor of history and philosophy at the University of Athens. Aristides Baltas is professor of physics at the National Technical University in Athens. Stavroula Tsinorema is professor of philosophy at the University of Ioannina. Dionysios Anapolitanos is professor of history and philosophy at the University of Athens. Aristides Baltas is professor of physics at the National Technical University in Athens. Stavroula Tsinorema is professor of philosophy at the University of Ioannina.
Chapter 1 Foreword Chapter 2 Introduction Part 3 Part I: Language and Logic Chapter 4 Understanding and Reference Chapter 5 On the Importance of Knowing What One is Talking About Chapter 6 Frege's Logicist Platonism Chapter 7 Knowledge by "Symbolic Constructions" Chapter 8 Indiscriminate Confirmation and Relevance Logic Chapter 9 Part II: Discovering and Explaining Chapter 10 Explanation and Mechanism: Reflections on the Ontic Conception of Explanation Chapter 11 Choice, Time, and Methodology in Peirce's Philosophy of Nature Chapter 12 Chance and Explanation in Peirce's Cosmology Chapter 13 Creative Discovery Processes Chapter 14 The Hermeneutics of Scientific Discovery (A Comment on Aharon Kantorovitch) Part 15 Part III: Experiments, Quasi-Experiments, and Their Constraints Chapter 16 Theory and Experiment in the Study of Brownian Motion and Radioactivity Chapter 17 How to Learn from Experiments Chapter 18 Meaningless Numbers Chapter 19 What, if Anything, Is an Experiment in Mathematics? Chapter 20 Epistemological Aspects of the Application of Mathematics to Itself Part 21 Part IV: History and Philosophy of Science in Context Chapter 22 The Rise of Scientific Philosophy Revisited Chapter 23 Models and Reality: An Historical Approach Chapter 24 Scientific Realism and History of Science: A Comment Chapter 25 Methodological Relativism in the History of Science Chapter 26 Science and Culture: On the Logic of the Theory of Culture Part 27 Part V: The Ways of the Mind Chapter 28 Artificial Intelligence, Quantum Mechanics, Neuroscience, and the Philosophy of Mind Chapter 29 Does Mind Matter? Artificial Intelligence, Computational Neuroscience, and the Philosophy of Mind Chapter 30 In the Theoretician's Laboratory: Thought Experiments as Mental Modeling Chapter 31 The Failure of Freud's Explanation of Counter-Wish Dreams Chapter 32 Index