This is a clear, accessible introduction to the method and subject of Philosophy. Written to meet the needs of students, there are clear note structures at the end of each chapter to help students use the ideas confidently, with movements in thought represented on intellectual maps that will allow them to see how each thought fits into the whole.
Bryan was educated at the universities of Kent and Sussex. He holds a PhD in moral philosophy from the University of Newcastle, Australia. He is currently engaged in research into moral thinking and the Holocaust, and teaches philosophy at the University of Maryland. He is the author of Philosophy, How to Write your Undergraduate Dissertation, How to Write Better Essays and Thinking Skills for Professionals.
Introduction The Subject The Method - Hypothesizing The Method - Testing for Validity The Method - Testing for Truth PART 1: OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD Knowledge Truth Scepticism Perception - Rationalism and Empiricism Perception - Idealism and Phenomenalism Explanations - Purposive and Causal Explanations Explanations - Confirming and Falsifying Theories Religion Reason and Faith PART 2: UNDERSTANDING THE INDIVIDUAL The Mind and Mental Events The Problem of Dualism The Essence of Self Creating the Self Determinism and Freedom Freedom in Context Responsibility and Punishment PART 3: UNDERSTANDING OUR RELATIONS WITH OTHERS Metaethics Normative Ethics: Deontology Normative Ethics: Consequentialism and Virtue Ethics Politics: Legitimacy and the State Politics: The Extent of Power Politics: Forms of Government Politics: Political Theories Conclusion Glossary Bibliography Index