This volume presents a series of original papers focusing on the theme of phonological argumentation, set within the framework of Optimality Theory. It contains two major sections: chapters about the evidence for and methodology used in discovering the bases of phonological theory, i.e., how constraints are formed and what sort of evidence is relevant in positing them; and case studies that focus on particular theoretical issues within OT, usually through selected phenomena in one or more languages, arguing in favor of or against specific formal analyses. A noteworthy detail of this book is that all of the contributors are connected with the program in phonology and phonetics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, either as current professors or former graduate students. Consequently, all of them have been directly influenced by John McCarthy, himself one of the major proponents of OT. This collection will therefore be of interest to anyone who seriously follows the field of OT. The intended readership is primarily graduate students and those already holding an advanced degree in linguistics, i.e., persons conversant with and capable of interacting with the OT literature.
Steve Parker graduated from the linguistics department of the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 2002. He has served as a teacher and consultant with the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL International) for twenty-five years. In that capacity he has carried out direct fieldwork and research on a number of indigenous languages of South America and Papua New Guinea, two of which are now extinct.
Introduction (Steve Parker) Section 1: Phonological argumentation and the bases of Optimality Theory Chapter 1: Grammar is both categorical and gradient (Andries Coetzee) Chapter 2: Phonological evidence (Paul de Lacy) Chapter 3: Failures of phonologization: a formal account (Elliott Moreton) Chapter 4: Contrast, comparison sets, and the perceptual space (Maire Ni Chiosain & Jaye Padgett) Chapter 5: Exceptionality as constraint indexation (Joe Pater) Chapter 6: A correspondence theory model of loanword adaptation (Jennifer L. Smith) Section 2: Case studies in phonological argumentation Chapter 7: Factorial ranking of mcat-pcat alignment: deriving the Pama-Nyungan stress continuum (John D. Alderete) Chapter 8: Acoustics of unstressable vowels in Lebanese Arabic (Maria Gouskova & Nancy Hall) Chapter 9: Liaison in English and the onset of the prosodic word (Junko Ito & Armin Mester) Chapter 10: Lenition isn't less effort (John Kingston) Chapter 11: Infixation as morpheme absorption (Ania Lubowicz) Chapter 12: An affix-specific phoneme in Arammba (Steve Parker) Chapter 13: Vowel length in Arabic verb stems (Sam Rosenthall) Chapter 14: Looks like we're in for mashed potatoes (Sue Urbanczyk) Bibliography (References) Index of names